jollertexcomputer-Academy

Get Your Project Materials

EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN COCOA PRODUCTION ON FARMERS LIVELIHOOD IN EMURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EKITI STATE NIGERIA

EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN COCOA PRODUCTION ON FARMERS LIVELIHOOD IN EMURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EKITI STATE NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
Nigeria is one of the countries in Africa that has highly diversified agroecological
conditions, which makes the production of a wide range of agricultural
products possible. Agriculture is a potentially viable sector of the country‟s economy,
particularly in terms of its employment generation as well as its contribution to Nation’s
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) through export. The contribution of agriculture to the
overall economic growth has declined from 70 per cent at independence to about 25 per
cent in the mid-1970s (the oil boom period). In spite of this sharp decline, agricultural
sector accounts for about 80 per cent of the active labour force (Central Bank of Nigeria,
2007). Abayomi (2006) noted that agriculture is capable of increasing not only per capita
income; reduce spatial inequalities between rural and urban areas, but also to reduce the
unprecedented mobility of rural-urban migration.

Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) is a major economic tree crop in Nigeria because it
provides jobs and income to the farmers, raw materials for the industry and foreign
exchange for the country. Between 1950 and 1960, cocoa was the highest source of
foreign exchange in the country (Oyedele, 2007). The discovery of oil in 1970, coupled
with other socio-economic factors such as Household size, Farm size, management
system and input cost, led to the relegation of cocoa to the second position in terms of
foreign exchange earnings for the country. Since then, oil sector is the pivot of Nigerian
economy with attendant poverty, unemployment and weak industrial base particularly in
the agriculture sector. Economic diversification is a panacea to the socio-economic
problems in Nigeria. In order to diversify the Nigerian economy, the Federal Government
of Nigeria (FGN) decided to rejuvenate cocoa industry with emphasis on increased production among other things. As a result, some interventions were introduced into cocoa industry with the aim of meeting the needs of the expanding industrial sector, increasing foreign exchange, enhancing job creation and farmers‟ income (FGN, 2006).
Nigeria is an important player in the cocoa sector and as such, the Nigeria output has
effects on the international aggregate output and price level. Cocoa production in Nigeria is done in the South West of the country especially in Ondo state and some are seen in the South -South zone especially in Akwa-Ibom state.

Statement of the Problem
Cocoa used to be the highest source of foreign exchange earning in Nigeria before
the oil boom of the 70s. Since then, crude oil has remained the highest source of foreign
exchange earnings while cocoa, a versatile, renewable and sustainable source of revenue is yet to reclaim its lost glory.The country is losing the foreign exchange that could be derived from exported cocoa going by the present US$2, 581.6 per tonne of the commodity. This shows that foreign exchange earning potential of cocoa has not been optimally actualized in Nigeria.
Also, cocoa production in Nigeria is retarded by declining productivity of the existing old
cocoa trees. For example, Fashina et al (2001) and Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria
[CRIN], (2003) showed that most of the cocoa trees in the country have almost attained
30 years of age with diminishing production trend. These old trees coupled with their
susceptibility to pest attack are responsible for decline in the quality and quantity of
cocoa production in the country. Cocoa production in Nigeria is undertaken mostly by
poor, small scale and low technically capable farmers. These farmers therefore face
difficulties in setting up of new cocoa farms and rehabilitation of old ones.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

Updated: 20th November 2018 — 8:21 pm

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

+ 38 = 40

jollertexcomputer-Academy © 2018 Design By Prayertitus
DMCA (DISCLAIMER) | About Us | Contact Us | Payment Details
Translate »