EFFECT OF FLIP CHART INSTRUCTION ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOCIAL STUDIES
1.1 Background to the Study
Education is essential and basic component for attaining overall national
development. It is in line with this that the National Policy on Education (2004) states
that, education should aim at the integration of individuals to become sound and
effective citizens and provision of equal opportunities for all citizens of the nation.
Effective teaching of social studies needs competent teachers that possess the
skills to handle all the complexities in its teaching. Ajiboye (2000) contends that the
global consensus among scholars in this contemporary world is the need for learners
to develop self confidence, the ability and skill to learn about issues and problems
about themselves and their immediate communities. Education processes are complex
issues that encapsulate the acquisition and inculcation of social and cognitive abilities.
Educational outcomes are assessed and judged in terms of the extent to which the set
standards are achieved. Adam (2012) asserts that the functions of education include.
The above assertion could be realized through an appropriate teaching and use of
relevant instructional materials in teaching. This would be analyzed through assessing
what to teach, when to teach what kind of instructional materials to be provided, used
and how effective are they.
Statement of the Problem
The research work was prompted out of observation makes by the researcher
and the discussion with the junior secondary schools social studies teachers who were
teaching social studies without using relevant instructional materials. It was
discovered that, many of the teachers lack adequate knowledge on the suitable
instructional materials to be used in teaching the subject. They lack knowledge on
relevant methods of improvisation of instructional materials to be used in teaching the
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