THE INFLUENCE OF OCCUPATIONAL ND HOUSEHOLD TASKS ON HOME ECONOMICS FEMALE LECTURERS’ PERFORMANCE IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION
1.1 Background of the Study
Home Economics lecturers are individuals who are engaged in occupational roles, at
the same time participate fully in household tasks. Nnubia (2013) notes that Home
Economics education is one of the core vocational subjects that cut across the whole levels of academic system in Nigeria namely; primary, secondary and tertiary levels. This hinges on the fact that the subject is a life supporting subject that has as its clients, the individual, families and by implication the whole society. Eze (2001) pointed out that Home Economics is capable of preparing youths and adults for entry into various areas of Home Economics occupations. This shows that as a vocational subject, Home Economics contributes to manpower development by equipping individuals with reliable occupational skills, which lead to gainful employment and family living. It is a very important subject in the University curriculum. Home Economics is seen as being concerned with meeting the challenges of everyday living in a modern society. These challenges include; establishing and maintaining effective relationships, juggling paid work responsibilities with house and personal responsibilities and pleasures, and being able to make numerous informed consumer choices (Street, 2006).
Home Economics has a long history, as a school subject, constantly changing with
times. It is a subject that countinues to be a female-dominated subject. (THESA 2011) being a female dominated subjects implies that they have dual responsibilities, as lecturers, wives, mothers, and home makers. Whether married or single Home Economics female lecturers have roles to play and tasks to be performed. As lecturers, there are specified roles of attending to lectures promptly, assessing students‘ performance through tests and assignments. Periodically, setting examination questions, invigilating students during examination, marking examination scripts and grading student‘s results accordingly. Other roles involve teaching practice, SIWES and project supervision. To be up to date as lecturers, conferences, workshops and seminar attendance are significant roles, all these coupled with emergency meeting and other responsibilities like examination officer, teaching practice corodiantor SIWES coordinator are extra responsibilities apart from the teaching roles.
Statement of the Problem
Combining occupational roles and household tasks by Home Economics female
lecturers is not an easy task because to be successful requires undivided attention,
commitment and energy. Work and family are ―greedy‖ institutions, both with high
demands and intensive time commitments, requiring ―devotion‖ from participants and
forcing individuals to make ―constrained choices‖ about how to allocate time and energy (Blair-Loy, 2003; Bird and Rieker, 2008). The motivating factor behind this study is the fact that, Home Economics and family can hardly be seperated, because a high percentage of Home Economics lecturers are females who engage in occupational roles and household tasks. Home Economics has a broad curriculum to deal with and sometimes lecturers find it difficult to cover all course content within the specified period. Home Economics is also a practical subject which makes it a unique subject for women as their roles at home and school are activity oriented which requires energy and commitment to be successful at home and workplace.
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