IMPACT OF PROBLEM-SOLVING AND GUIDED-DISCOVERY TEACHING METHODS ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS
1.1 Background to the Study
Financial accounting is one of the business education subjects offered at both
secondary and tertiary levels in the nation‟s private and public institutions for job skills,
employment and self-reliance. Elements of financial accounting are taught at the junior
secondary school level as an aspect of business studies. At the senior secondary school level, financial accounting is offered as a full-fledge subject. Financial accounting
graduates play a vital role in an economy, hence the need for accounting‟s graduate to be properly trained to discharge their duties effectively and to face emerging challenges in the profession. Financial accounting is the process of identifying, measuring and
communicating economic information about an organization for the purpose of making
decisions and informed judgment.
National Examination Council (NECO, 2012) has states that the general objective
of studying financial accounting at the senior secondary school level is to enable students appreciate the basic rules, functions and principles of accounting, to lay proper foundation for further study of accountancy and allied courses at the higher level and to enable students understand basic accounting principles, practices and their application to modern business activities. Also, Nigerian Educational Research Development Council (NERDC, 2007) expressed the specific objectives of teaching financial accounting in secondary schools to include preparing students for employment, or for further studies.
These objectives can only be realized if academic performance of secondary school
students in financial accounting is encouraged through efficient teaching occasioned by
accommodating learning environment.
Academic performance is the outcome of education, the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals. Academic performance is commonly measured by examination, continuous assessment or Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of students. Academic performance also refers to what students achieve in their studies and how they cope with or accomplish different learning experiences given to them by their teachers. Ibrahim (2011) reported that in educational institutions, success is measured by academic performance, or how well a student meets the standards set out by the institution.
Statement of the Problem
The rate at which students failed in external examinations in financial accounting
in Ekiti state from 2010 to 2014 is of great concern to the state government, teachers,
parents, guardians and well meaning citizens. It has been observed that the government
huge investment on education is not yielding the desired dividend, financial accounting
teachers also complained of students‟ low academic performance in both internal and
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