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EFFECTS OF SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM IN PROMOTING JUNIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

EFFECTS OF SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM IN PROMOTING JUNIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1. Background to the Study
The history of Democratic values and political participation in more than half a
century of Nigeria‟s existence as a sovereign nation-state is a record of political
uncertainties. Since its independence in 1960, Nigeria has been struggling establish a
workable and durable democracy but its dismal political actuality characterized by
consistent inability to conduct credible and transparent elections in which its citizens
have access to adequately enforced and effectively protected opportunities, to exercise
their franchise in the choice of their leaders, has made the agenda of democratic
sustainability largely a illusion (Member 2015).
Since the country‟s return to democratic rule in 1999, transitional elections in
2003, 2007, 2011 and 2015 were won and lost under conditions in which electoral malpractices, rigging and violence were pronounced. Participation in elections in Nigeria is characterized by machine politics which “involves the parceling out of parts of the State including territories to individuals, usually under the leadership of one or two
notables … who maintain their pretends essentially by force” (Member, 2015). Nigeria‟s
political and social life is passing through a phase which poses the danger of destroying
the long accepted democratic values and political participation. Increasingly, there is an
explicit, as well as an implicit, need to stress democratic values and political
participation in Social Studies education in order to booster politics among Junior
Secondary School (JSS) Students.
Moreover, Subba (2014) asserted that democratic values that take place in
literature are: equality, respect life, justice, freedom, honesty, search for goodness,
cooperation, self-esteem, tolerance, sensibility, responsibility, acceptance of difference,
safety, peace, development, perfection, and effectiveness. Thus, establishing democracy is mostly dependent on the understanding, skills and attitudes of people which are primarily the responsibility of Social Studies education. On the other hand, political participation to larger extent referred to those political activities of citizens, either as individuals or group intended or designed to influence the political process. It is the actual involvement of the citizenry in decision making process, contribution to public
debate on national issues and voting, influencing directly or indirectly the ways and
method of governance or more specifically the output or outcomes of the political
process (Arowolo & Aluko, 2010; Daniel, 2015)

EFFECTS OF SOCIAL STUDIES CURRICULUM IN PROMOTING JUNIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

Statement of the Problem
In all democratic societies, citizens are expected to internalize, appreciate and demonstrate tolerance, respect for one another views as well as participating in building
the society by moving it forward. All these were enshrine in the Nigerian constitution of
1999, which guaranteed right to vote and be voted for, freedom of speech and association, as well as movement, right to own properties and practice religions belief of
one‟s own choice.
Unfortunately, many Nigerians are not demonstrating acceptable political attitudes and values necessary for effective political participation and this lead to political thuggery which disrupt societal peace, arson, assassination, election rigging, kidnapping of candidates during election, killings of political opponents, snatching ballot boxes, casting vote more than one time, buying voters card, destroying political parties office and properties, looting and gross in disciplinary acts displayed by political leaders and followers. It is evidently that there are undemocratic attitudes and high level of rudeness

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Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

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Updated: 7th November 2018 — 6:24 pm

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