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THE IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT HEALTH SERVICE TO ELDERLY PEOPLE IN NIGERIA

THE IMPACT OF GOVERNMENT HEALTH SERVICE TO ELDERLY PEOPLE IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
Ageing has emerged as an important policy issue worldwide because of the large
increase in the proportion of elder people in the world population. Global projections
indicate that, the population of those aged 60 years and above is increasing rapidly.
The United Nations (UN) estimates indicated that, in 1950 the number of elder people
was 200 million or 8 per cent of the world total population. In 2002, the population of
the elderly had increased to about 630 million. Projections further suggest that, the
number of elder people aged above 60 years is anticipated to be 1.2 billion in 2025
and 2.0 billion in 2050, (UN 2005, UN Population Division, 2010). The United Nations (2012) report indicates in 2012 Africa had 42 million elder people, representing 5 percent of the world‟s population, 8 per cent of which are over 80 years. According to World Health Organization (WHO) 2012reported by the population of the elderly in Africa by 2050 will be 205 million. This is a tremendous increase in the number of elder people which needs proper plans in order to address their varied needs including access to free health care service. The United Nations (UN)and the African Union (AU) have recognized the importance of free health care service to elder people and encourage countries to address this need.
WHO (2011) mentioned the action of addressing health problems in sub-Saharan
Africa(SSA) was developed in 2006 basing on health service agreement which was
made by 13 African countries in Zambia. Livingston Call for Action recognized.

Even though, apart from this tremendous increase of elderly people in Africa, it is also
noted that, elder people are among the main user of health and social care services in
the developing countries, just as they are in most developed countries. Due to their illhealth, older people visit health centers more frequently than younger adults, and are
heavier users of both outpatient and inpatient hospital services (Oncology Nursing
Society, 2002).

However, in African context elderly is so defined within the context of their families,
which are formed by domestic groups, marriages and kin networks. They are also
identified by their productive and reproductive roles. Being an elder means that one is
shaped by cultural norms and values, and molded and constrained within specific
economic, demographic and socio-political systems (Oppong, 2006). Recent research
in Africa suggest adopting age 55 and over as a baseline definition of old persons
(Ferreira, 2003). Though Sub-Saharan countries have the lowest pace of population
ageing in the world, the overall population numbers of old people are on the rise
(Oppong, 2006).

Statement of the Problem
Despite the efforts made by the Nigeria government in collaboration with private
stakeholders (both at local and international levels), in creating health provision strategies and plans, there are mounting evidences showing that older people continue to experience difficulties in accessing adequate and quality free health care services in
public hospitals(URT, 2005). Consequently, there is an increase in elderly deaths, poverty, an increase in variety of diseases to the elderly such as diabetes and stress. In addition, denial hospital treatments, discouragement to attend health facilities for health services, waiting a long time to get health services, decrease of elders support from their families. All these point to one direction, vulnerability and stigma of the elderly(URT, 2005)

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA


BANK:                       GTB BANK
ACCT NO:                  0262412831
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

CLICK ON THE IMAGE BELOW TO REQUEST FOR MATERIAL
Updated: 4th November 2018 — 7:05 pm

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