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THE ROLE OF TOURISM ACTIVITIES ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA

THE ROLE OF TOURISM ACTIVITIES ON POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study
For the past two decades from 1990s, the notion has prevailed that the tourism sector
is an economic and poverty alleviation solution for developing countries and Nigeria
in particular (UNWTO, 2014) The role of tourism as a valuable force for poverty
reduction has been formally recognized by international agencies and governments for
some time (UNWTO, 2013).. In the global perspective, tourism is estimated to
contribute to global GDP in 2011 was US $6.3 trillion to 255 jobs (WTTC, 2011).
This makes tourism be the largest industry that transfers resources from rich people to
poor.
The development of tourism in Africa continent and other developing world depends
mostly on natural capital such as wildlife, natural landscape, virgin beaches, water
body and natural forest. That means most of the tourists are attracted with natural
attractions like mountain, beaches, wildlife and others. Sitts (2009) argued that
Nigeria is home to some of the most famous game viewing location in the world and
boasts a unique cultural history and breath taking tropical beaches. Those natural capitals are counted as the catalyst for tourism development and generating foreign exchange, but till now most of the people surrounding that tourist attraction are living under one dollar per day (Sitts, 2009). Yet most of the developing countries like Nigeria in particular lack industrial and technological capital to generate income, create employment, and improve social amenities and alleviation of poverty in particular. Its natural capital can be utilized to capture the eyes and minds of domestic and international tourists, in order to increase
economic capability and poverty alleviation. The government of Nigeria had recognized the value and role of tourism as an income generating sector and tool of poverty alleviation. Gosling (2003) asserted that South west Nigeria retains control over tourism activities; tourism was identified as an opportunity to get foreign exchanges after the falling price of cloves, the island major export. South west Nigeria now pays much attention on tourism as critical economic sector after the declining of cloves and coconut price (Gosling, 2003). When the promotion of tourism began, the lagos state government promised that tourism revenue would benefit the local community (Gosling, 2003). In

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Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

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Updated: 23rd October 2018 — 11:25 am

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