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ASSESSMENT OF MALE CIRCUMCISION PRACTICE IN PREVENTION OF HIV/AIDS INFECTION

ASSESSMENT OF MALE CIRCUMCISION PRACTICE IN PREVENTION
OF HIV/AIDS INFECTION

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study
Male circumcision has been practiced by mankind since long back and it is not clear
when and how it started. Many reasons for this practice have been proffered, ranging
from obeying the law of God to promoting public health (Bhimji, 2000). Male
circumcision has been believed to be treatment for a number of health
problems/disorders. According to Winkel (2005), the American medical
establishment has promoted male circumcision as a preventative measure for an
astonishing array of pathologies, ranging from masturbatory insanity, moral laxity,
aesthetics and hygiene, to headache, tuberculosis, rheumatism, hydrocephalus,
epilepsy, paralysis, alcoholism, nearsightedness, rectal prolapsed, hernia, gout,
clubfoot, urinary tract infection, and cancer of the penis, cancer of the cervix,
syphilis and AIDS.

Cultural or religious beliefs have been the main drive for male circumcision either
positively or negatively. The United States is the only country in the world that has
practiced the routine circumcision of a large percentage of its male infants. No other
developed country in the world routinely circumcises infants for non-religious reasons (Peron, 2000). In areas where there is no cultural or religious beliefs
motivating male circumcision, the male circumcision prevalence in these areas are at
lower sides.

This can be interpreted to mean that circumcision can prevent at least six out of ten
female to male HIV transmissions. Given this strong evidence, the World Health
Organization (WHO) and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS
(UNAIDS) recommended that male circumcision should be considered as an
important and additional intervention for HIV prevention (WHO 2007). As a result,
different countries in the sub-Saharan Africa are at different stages of introducing
and scaling-up circumcision services (WHO & UNAIDS, 2007).

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

Updated: 23rd October 2018 — 11:06 am

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