EFFECT OF EDUCATION ON YOUTH EMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA
1.1 Background of the Study
The present unemployment problem brings a difficult labour market experience for the
youths globally. The International Labour Organization (ILO) estimated the global youth
unemployment rate at 12.6 per cent, with about 73 million young people being
unemployed (ILO, 2013). The International Labour Organization (ILO) defines someone who is unemployed as one with the age of 15 years and above and covers three conditions as follows: having no work, where he or she has not had work for not less than one hour in the week of study; is in a position to get employment in a period of two weeks; has looked for work actively in the previous month or have established one starting in the coming three months (ILO, 1982).
In Africa, unemployment continues to be a hindrance to maximum exploitation of human
resources in spite of strong growth over the last ten years in the region. Considerable
interests are attracted by employment, unemployment and underemployment issues in
Kenya. According to the Kenyan Government (GoK, 2006) the growth of the economy
has not been adequate to generate sufficient employment opportunity to take in the rising labour force of about half a million every year. The economy only takes in approximately 25 per cent of youth, and 75 per cent are left to suffer unemployment.
Development policy in Kenya focuses on creation of jobs for the youth. The youth attract
interest due to their large share of nigeria’s population. Individuals aged below 35 years
make up around 80 per cent of the population, while the youth aged 15-35 years account for about 37 per cent of the population (KIPPRA, 2013). Working age population in nigeria, are people between 15 and 64 years who are not full time students, and the labour force participation rate is the number of people that are employed or are keenly searching for work.
The new constitution and vision 2030 center on youths, with the aim of improving
Kenya’s socioeconomic and political environment (Wamuyu, 2010). The youths receive
great attention because of the big population, amount of the challenges they face and the position they take during political violence and crime.
In the past, policies and institutions of the public have centered on supplying young
people with education and skills, and transforming their behavior, in order to fall in line
with satisfactory norms and values in the society. But these approaches have lacked
major impact on lives of the many young people facing a lot of challenges such as youths who are orphans, young people infected with HIV/AIDS, youths who are unemployed and uneducated, youths who break the law, and youths who are female (Wamuyu, 2010).
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