EFFECTS OF TEACHERS-PRINCIPAL COMMUNICATION ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL
Background of the study
The materialization of education activities and its continued existence is to a large extent dependent on the quality of it teachers. Atanda and Lameed (2006) defined teachers as professionals who impart skills, knowledge, information and attitude into the learners. A teacher is a trained person who teaches, especially as a profession. Teachers, apart from students, are the most crucial inputs of any educational system (Fadipe, 2003). As such, no education system can rise above the quality of its teachers. Teachers are the centre-piece in any school level. Secondary school is one of the levels of Nigeria Education system. The Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) (2004) in her National Policy on Education (NPE) defined secondary education as the education children receive after primary education and before the tertiary stage A school principal is the primary leader in a school building. Bradley, Portin, Knapp, Sue Feldman, Felice, Catherine and Theresa (2009) defined school principal as the most senior teacher, leader and manager of a school. The principal is part of a divisional administrative team whose function is to support and assist the schools in meeting the overall objectives of the division and the needs of individual students. The principal’s main focus should be to develop and maintain effective educational programs within his/her school and to promote the improvement of teaching and learning (Ogunu, 2000).
The duties of the school principal are all encompassing as all aspects of the schools operations are either directly or indirectly under his/her jurisdiction. In general terms, Iwuchukwu (2006) maintained that the school principal shall be responsible for the detailed organization of the school; development of the instructional program; assignment of duties to and the supervision of members of his/her staff and the general operation of the school facility. According to Iwuchukwu, the school principle being the head administrator of a school will support and assist the school in meeting the overall objectives and the needs of individual students through staff and students relationship and communication.
Statement of the Problem
In most secondary schools today, what is found is ineffectiveness in administration. Ineffectiveness in school administration has become a topic of discussion in television programmes, radio, newspapers, churches, social organizations and society at large. Among the issues in question are; mass failures of students in most external examinations, the high rate of indiscipline in the school system, the unsecured learning environment, poor professional performance on the side of teachers among others. This ineffectiveness in secondary school administration is characterized by high rate of indiscipline on the part of teachers and the students. The teachers show negative attitudes to their duties. Many student exhibit nonchalant attitudes toward their studies, they involve themselves in truancy, criminal act like stealing, cultism, exam malpractice and the rest of them These unhealthy incidents appear to be responsible for ineffectiveness in secondary school administration.
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