PROBLEMS AFFECTING CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT IN SOME SELECTED SCHOOLS IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Classroom management refers to all of the things that a teacher does to organize student’s space, time and materials so that instruction in content and students learning can take place. In all that you communicate, no matter how insignificant or how innocuous it may seem, it can contribute to your status as a teacher and your ability to manage the classroom.
Ginoh (1972) states that “good classroom management like surgery requires precision no random cuts, no insults, no blistering language, his/her management plan is never sadistic. He/she lures by the law of compassion, even when challenged by children to defy it tells us. Harmg Ginoh tells us the amounts of time students are actively engaged in learning contribute strongly to their achievement. The amount of time available for learning is determined by the instructional and management skills of the teacher. This implies that teachers must plan and prepares well, be organized, maximize student time on task, keep students actively engaged, efficiently utilize time and the list question.
Look at yourself, be mindful of your self confidence, voice, attitude, enthusiasm, personal appearance, manners, values and most of all, composure and self control losing composure and shouting does ont enhance classroom management. The teacher sets the time and creates the learning environment in the classroom. Consequently, the classroom climates takes on the characteristics of the teachers personality and disposition on the first day of school, introduce written rules and procedures and post them. Above all, be generous with appreciative p[raise, encouragement and reward for achievement and positive behaviour. Have the student practice, learn and be able to plan classroom procedures (grade appropriate). The procedures need to become routine, students should be able to perform the procedures automatically.
How one teacher manages the classroom, is the primary determination of how well your students learn. Conversely, when students are successfully and actively engaged in their work, they tend to be well behaved. Therefore, keep students involved in their work, have students understand what is expected of them, maximize time on task, and prevent confusion by relaxed and pleasant classroom. According to Manus (1989) sensibly point out four rules of classroom management and these rules can be applied in a classroom. They are;
Rules One: Get them in. the process of getting them in can be seen to involve three phases in greeting, seating, and starting.
Rule Two: Get them out. Here, the teacher needs to consider two phrases of concluding a lesson and dismissing a class.
Rule Three: Get on with it. This refers to the main point of the lesson, the nature of its content and the manner of its preservation.
Rule Four: Get on with them. Here the teacher develops good personal relationship with their pupils by fostering mutual trust and respects. To do this effectively, the teacher needs to be aware of each child as an individual and to be sensitive to the mood of the class as a whole. This means knowing when and keeping track of what is going on.
Adeyemo (1971) regards classroom management as the content of a large variety of straight forward activities such as simple clerical duties, ordering, maintaining and distributing materials and caring for students behaviours. Looniz (1980) sees classroom management as aiming a regulating the social behaviour of pupils liking directing, questions at an inattentive pupils using positive reinforcement or applying punishment as a remedial contain measure.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The growing rate of indiscipline and inability of teachers to manage and ensure peaceful and conducive atmosphere for teaching in today’s classroom is becoming alarming. This is critically a case that is prevalent in some selected secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Area of Ekiti State.
The eminence of this condition and its effects string hold and stay has terminated the realization of educational objectives and make the general school system a place like reserve playground. Today, the case is intense and is called for in some selected secondary school in the local government area, were students are very delinquent, disrespectful etc. this has on t he long run militated against the effort or skills teachers and reduced educational administration efficiency.
However, it is hoped that the meaningful findings of this research work will do justice and bring the problem of classroom management and control in the selected secondary schools to a remedial place.
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