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KNOWLEDGE OF FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS TOWARDS HIV/AIDS IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, IKERE EKITI STATE

KNOWLEDGE OF FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS TOWARDS HIV/AIDS IN COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, IKERE EKITI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

Background of the Study

          Acquired Immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a fetal illness caused by retrovirus known as a human immune deficiency virus (HIV) and is the primary aerologic agent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS) which breaks down its body’s immune system, leaving the victim vulnerable to a host of life. Treating opportunistic infections, neurological disorders, or unusual malignancies. The rem acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) actually refers to the last stage of Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) infection. It is a modern disease affecting both developed and developing countries, and both young and adult populations. Human Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV) originated around 1930 in rural areas of central Africa, where the virus may have been present for many years in isolated communities. The virus probably had limited contact with people from the area. But in the 1960s and 1970s, political upheaval, wars, drought and famine forced many people from these rural areas to migrate to cities to find jobs. During this time, the incidence of sexually transmitted infections, including Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) infections, accelerated and quickly spread throughout Africa Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(AIDS) was first recognized in 1970s among homosexuals in New York in United State of America. When Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) wa first described among homosexual in the United States,the world has witnessed unprecedented scale of devastation and incapacitation of mankind by the disease on virtually every part of the globe.merson (1998) believed and claimed that itb is not reveal where AIDS actually started from.the virus causing it Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV-!) was discovered in 1983, while the Human ImmuneDificiency Virus (HIV-2) there seem tyo be longer timebefore the full blown disease develops today, it is estimayed that there are more than40 millions people living woth HIV/AIDS (PLIWHA) worldwide, about 95% of who live in the developing world.

Maiming (2001), in New York come across another disease in young men. This was a rare skin cancer called kaposos Sarcoma that had also been previously reported in people with damage Immune system.since its discovery in 1981, AIDShas killed more than 27 million people in the world currently, world health organization (WHO) says 33.4 million peoplehad access toAnti-retroviral (ARV) drug at the end of 2008. In 2008 alone, two million peopledied of the disease while only 45 percent of pregnant women had acess to Antii-retoviral(ARV) drug in 2009 in Africa, only 2.9 million people accessed treatment in 2008 with a population of 5.4 million peopleliving with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), then concluded that this new disease is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). montagnier (2000) from the blood Pasteur institute in France isolated which a virus from the blood of AIDS patients which iscalled Lumphadenopathy Associated Virus of LAV. IW 2001, Robert allows his workers at the national cancer institute in United to isolated a virus that they called the human cell imphotrophic virus isfound in blood semen (sperm) in men and vagunal fluid in women. The following are the ways which human immune deficiency virus (HIV) could be spread to individuals’ people

Through sexual intercourse more than 80% of people got Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) infection (men and women) and homosexuals or man to woman and through oral sex

Direct contact with Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) infected blood, yhis mode of spread is rampant in Nigeria as the testing facilities for blood may not be adequate for instance. In cases of blood transfusion, if when boold is not well and properly screened and an infected blood is  transfused into a person without Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV) automatically the uninfected person is infected, although, it will incubate for period of years before manifesting.

Example of such cases are through using blades, needl;es that were used by infected person for circumcision ear/nose piercing, tribal marks, other are mothers to babies injected.

Statement of the Problem

          As there is no doubt that HIV/AIDS is a pandemic disease that does not respect age, gender, race or national boundaries, its potential to destroy humancivilization, equally cannot be over looked, hence, in every nation of the world, there are several programmes aimed at preventing and controlling the disease. inNigeria HIV/AIDS has been introduced into the college curriculum in subject like Biology and Physical and Health Education. This is the realization that adolescence are prne to indiscriminate sexual intercourse, this would provide useful insight into the success of educationindustry in  the attitudes is very important as it is realared to their sexual adjustment.

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Updated: 28th May 2018 — 9:35 am

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