ASSESSMENT OF THE ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS THE LEARNING OF BASIC TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMME AT THE JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EKITI STATE.
Background of the Study
According to (Huba and Freed 2000) defined Assessment as the process of gathering and discussing information from multiple and diverse sources in order to develop a deep understanding of what we can do with their knowledge as a result of their educational experience.
According to (Oskamp and Schultz 2005) defined Attitude as a predisposition to respond in a favourable or unfavourable manner with respect to a given attitudinal object.
Nwoke (1990) defined Basic technology subject as that part of subject which leads to the acquisition of practical skills, as well as basic scientific knowledge.
The study of Basic technology is the foundation for present technological development in Nigeria and technology is the application of science to make the world comfortable, Basic technology teaching aims at assisting the learners in developing certain interest skills, attitude and knowledge.
Technology assists human civilization in their effective use of national resources for their well-being through the application of appropriate techniques.
Both science and technology provide individuals with the necessary attributes that will help to solve problems of their immediate environment. These helps are stated below:
- It makes our life simpler
- It helps us to organize our daily activities.
- It makes our job faster and communication with other people are easier.
- It help us to know and understand other culture in the society and lots more.
At the junior secondary school level, every student is expected to develop positive attitude toward the study of Basic technology, since it is the first time students are introduced to technical subjects. However, there is no way every student in a group can have the same or similar performance towards a subject, some may have high performance while others have low.
These differences in performance may be caused by various factors. Some of the factors that may affect students performance include:- Influence of qualified teachers, management and parental attitude, teaching methods, availability of laboratory and workshops. (Adeyemo 2005)
Oga (2002) in his study on the causes of poor performance of students in Basic technology emphasizes that some teachers did not have experience on Basic technology courses, yet, they teach the subject. He further observed that many teach the subject with secondary school qualification.
According to the National Policy on education (1997) revised the objectives of Basic technology in secondary schools are:
- To provide pre-vocational orientation for further training in technology
- To equip students with the skills necessary for coping with demands of highest education.
In the pursuit of these two objectives, the policy describes Basic technology as a core subject not only at the junior secondary schools but also at the senior secondary schools level.
At the early stages of development, secondary education was designed almost entirely for College/University bound students. In recent years under the impetus of the National Policy on Education(6-3-3-4). Vocational education gradually become recognized as an essential facet of the total education programme for the youth of our nation.
The general attitude today is that our educational system must somehow provide more extensive learning opportunities and this under educational spectrum must be geared to better serve the needs of the youth and the society.
In Technical Education, there are few numbers of people that enroll for different specialization, also in Ekiti-State, there are few people with technical knowledge. Ekiti State, is regarded as a fountain of knowledge with many educational scholars all from humanities. Vocational educational is relegated to the background, this calls for concern and attention of all and sundry.
Statement of the Problem
Presently, with the new 6-3-3-4 system of education under the new National Policy on Education, technical education has been accorded its befitting status just like any other academic discipline, like the sciences and Arts.
Olaitan (1987) in an effort to achieve the positive outcome and thus create an impact in National development, the teaching of Basic technology in Nigeria faces a number of problems. Prominent among these problems are:- Funds, Library, Facilities, Inadequate workshops, just to make mention of few.
A lot of educationists are concerned about the attitude /interests of student towards Basic technology subjects in the secondary schools. Some people believed that the 6-3-3-4 new system of education is too cumbersome and that the contents of the syllabus which the students are supposed to learn are above their standard.
This calls for this study to determine the factors influencing the attributes of students towards Basic technology in the junior secondary schools.
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