FACTORS CAUSING SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF STREET TRADING ON CHILD EDUCATION
1.1 Background of the Study
Ondo state of Nigeria was one of the seven states created on 3rd February (1976) by the federal military government of Nigeria. It was carried out of the old western state. The state covered the total area of the former Ondo province created in 1915 with Akure as the provincial headquarters.
The state lies between latitudes 50 45-1 and 740 521N and longitudes 40 201 and 60 51 E. its land area is about 15,500 square kilometers. The structure and the distribution of population in Ondo state has a total of 3,460, 877,19 persons made up of 1,384,350, 88 males and 2,076, 526,31 females current projection however put the people at way over 3million. In the trading activities, large percentage of children in and out of school is involved. Christians, Muslims, Africans traditional religious worshippers and other faith generally believe children globally as a special gift from God.
Adesanya (2002) believe that no amount of wealth, wisdom, knowledge, position or other social factors can guarantee any one the right to have a child. It is also believed that most well-placed people in the society are often disturbed for having no child in the many years of marriage.
Childlessness caused by awareness often makes a couple ridicule in African societies. This also makes so affected to run-hether-sketter from one traditional healer to the other to get a child, even leads to divorce of polygamy among Both Christians and Muslims.
Parents have roles of guiding and upbringing of their children in the society and their rights must be exercised by these parents who send their child on errands, decide where they can stay and what activities they can perform. With regards to the fundamental human right outline in chapter four of the 1999 constitution of the federal republic of Nigeria, the rights of the child are explicitly stated on the streets or hawking are of school age. They are all trainable either in the psychomotor or the effective domain. But due to one reason or the other they are disconnected from their families or guardians as a result of hawking on the most of these children often sell their from food items like fried shrimps, bread, zobo, juice, groundnuts, yam (field one) pure water to cite a few examples. Often school hours some sell daily and some during the holidays. These activities of street trading among children take place at various bus stops, filling stations, motor parks, inside the market and crowded round about junction. Most of these children are in rags, looking dirty and often barefooted the girls in particular hawks with unkempt hair, terribly dirty and sweating from long distance they hawk and run in between moving vehicles. Kempe (1980) tracing history of street trading child identifies that in the olden days the newborn baby had acknowledged by the father what the father produced was his and he could deal with the child the way he wished. Kempe (1980) went further to state that the child was not really of this world until he or she had partaken in some of the earthly nourishment like a drop of water, honey or even any drink was on out ward sign to ensure life to the baby.
Statement of the Problem
Various research studies such as Osiyemi (1990) Ajakaye (1991), and Bambe (1992) had been carried out in Nigeria on street trading, however not much emphasis has been placed on concept and causes of street trading. This study therefore intends to bridge the gap in the literature.
Children are involved in the activity of street trading that is hawking. The concept of street trading has resulted to a lot of problems in our society.
The problem street trading had resulted to poor performance in school, lead to truancy, sex abuse (rape) kidnapping the child for rituals lead to aborted visions and future and mostly untimely death.
Although some parents viewed street trading in different ways, some believed that what was considered to be trading by trading some are means of helping the parents or as a way of discipline the child and teaching the child to be hardworking.
Despite the rampant nature of street trading in the society, little or no attention is given to the problem by the government, parents, guardians, school, court and other law enforcement agencies. This study is therefore an attempt out investigating the concept and causes of street trading.