jollertexcomputer-Academy

Get Your Project Materials

EFFECTS OF DIARRHOEA AMONG CHILDREN OF EKITI STATE

CHAPTER ONE

1.0    INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Diarrhea is recognized as a major cause of child morbidity and mortality in developing countries (Banda et al., 2007; Gorter et al., 1998; Kosek, Bern, & Guerrant, 2003)It is the second leading cause of death among children under five years of age worldwide (BBS, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics UNICEF, United Nations Children’s Fund, 2007; Larson, Saha, Islam, & Roy, 2006). Global deaths from diarrhea among children aged less than five years were estimated at 1.87 million in 2004 (Boschi-Pinto, Velebit, & Shibuya, 2008; Candy, 1987; Chiller et al., 2006; Khan et al., 2004; Larson et al., 2006). Seventy percent of these deaths are concentrated in 15 developing countries. Nigeria is one of these 15 countries and diarrhea is responsible for sixty-nine thousands diarrheal deaths (Boschi-Pinto et al., 2008). Diarrheal disease is still a major health problem in Nigeria. The government of Nigeria states that diarrhea kills an estimated 25,000 people annually, mostly children (IRIN, 2008). On a daily average, 180-200 diarrhea patients were admitted to the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Bangladesh (ICDDRB) hospital (IRIN, 2008). According to the ICDDRB hospital’s statistical surveillance from 2004 to 2008, the total number of children with diarrhea in this hospital was 5596. An average of 1119 diarrhea children (under five) was admitted there annually. Causes of diarrhea were viruses, bacteria and parasites (Mishra, Gupta, & Yadav, 2004). Contaminated foods play a major role in the occurrence of diarrheal diseases. The transmission of infection occurs by direct contact with the agent, through oral–fecal transmission routes due to poor water quality, unhygienic behaviors, improper storage of food and inadequate sanitation practices (Halvorson, 2004). This may be because mothers lack of awareness about safe drinking water, hygiene practice, feeding children with hygienic food and defecation practices (IRIN, 2008).

Diarrhea is a disease that can be prevented by avoiding contacting with causative agents, but children under 5 years of age are unable to protect themselves from these agents. They are under the care of their mothers; therefore the maternal preventive behaviors for children are very important. There are many studies showing the incidence of diarrhea related to maternal behaviors including hygiene practices, child feeding practices, safe water and defecation practices (Banda et al., 2007; Chiller et al., 2006; Gorter et al, 1998; Khan et al., 2004; Nanan et al., 2003; Osumanu, 2008). Mothers are the closest persons to children. Their behaviors toward their children need to be explored, especially their preventive behaviors. A previous study showed that maternal behaviors were found to be related to their perceptions (Pancharuniti, Shiyalap, Dung, & Wongsawass, 2004). The results of Pancharuniti et al study carried out in Vietnam indicated that maternal health beliefs towards diarrheal diseases in children played a crucial role in their home management of acute diarrhea. Maternal perceptions on the susceptibility and severity of diarrhea and the benefits and barriers to maternal home care for diarrheal children were significantly correlated to maternal practices. Although diarrheal disease is recognized as a major problem in Bangladesh, no studies on maternal preventive behaviors of diarrhea in children and maternal perceptions have been conducted. Therefore, this study is carried out in order to explore maternal perceptions and preventive behaviors of diarrhea in children. The results of the study will be used to enhance maternal preventive behaviors of diarrhea in children, which will reduce the incidence of diarrhea in children under five years of age. It can also fulfill the gap in knowledge of maternal preventive behaviors in diarrhea of children in Nigeria.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

.  
Updated: April 13, 2018 — 8:54 pm

73 Comments

Add a Comment
  1. Say, you got a nice post.Really thank you! Awesome.

  2. Im obliged for the article post. Will read on…

  3. Looking forward to reading more. Great article.Much thanks again. Awesome.

  4. Appreciate you sharing, great blog.Really looking forward to read more. Keep writing.

  5. Thanks-a-mundo for the blog post. Awesome.

  6. I value the blog article.Thanks Again. Awesome.

  7. I really like and appreciate your blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Cool.

  8. “Excellent article. Keep posting such kind of info on your blog. Im really impressed by your site.”

  9. Hey, thanks for the post.Thanks Again. Really Great.

  10. Great, thanks for sharing this blog article.Thanks Again. Will read on…

  11. “Thanks for your write-up. What I want to say is that while looking for a good online electronics shop, look for a web page with total information on critical indicators such as the level of privacy statement, basic safety details, payment methods, and also other terms in addition to policies. Continually take time to browse the help in addition to FAQ segments to get a superior idea of how a shop is effective, what they are capable of doing for you, and how you can make use of the features.”

  12. This is really attention-grabbing, You are a very professional blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to in quest of extra of your magnificent post. Also, I have shared your web site in my social networks!

  13. Great, thanks for sharing this blog article. Fantastic.

  14. Very good blog article.Really looking forward to read more. Much obliged.

  15. “Great blog article.Really thank you! Awesome.”

  16. Wow! Thank you! I continually wanted to write on my site something like that. Can I take a fragment of your post to my blog?

  17. I like what you guys are up too. Such clever work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it’ll improve the value of my site 🙂

  18. Excellent blog here! Also your web site loads up fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host? I wish my site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  19. Thank you for the auspicious writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to far added agreeable from you! By the way, how could we communicate?

  20. I have recently started a blog, the information you offer on this site has helped me greatly. Thank you for all of your time & work. “Show me the man who keeps his house in hand, He’s fit for public authority.” by Sophocles.

  21. You completed some nice points there. I did a search on the matter and found mainly persons will agree with your blog.

  22. Really informative post.Much thanks again. Great.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

jollertexcomputer-Academy Design By Prayertitus
DMCA (DISCLAIMER) | About Us | Contact Us | Payment Details
Translate »