- BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Poor nutrition is a cause of deficiency disease in humans that are directly or indirectly caused by a lack of essential nutrients in the diet. Poor nutrition is as old as man’s existence on earth. Nutrition particular in protein and energy giving food which the world health organization (WHO) referred to as silent emergency is an accomplice in at least half of the 10.4 million children death each year. According to Awake (2003) poor nutrition covers a wide range of illness from under nourishment due to a lack of one or more nutrient such as vitamins and mineral deficiency to obesity and other diet related to chronic diseases. The world health organization (2003) reported that poor nutrition is not limited to children only. However, developed countries are not free from poor nutrition. All cells need nutrients to grow and work. Lack of vitamins, mineral calories and protein can weaken your immune system and make it less able to find and destroys germs. This means that people who are poorly nourished are more likely to develop infection. People who are malnourished either do not take in enough calories and nutrients, or the body can’t use the food it takes in. in that way, it can weaken the immune system. Poor nutrition can affect children performance in school and is consistently reported as one of the causes of most death in our country that is, in Nigeria. However, poor nutrition occurs as a result of deficiencies in all food nutrient that are being taken by us. This is both quality and quantity that lead to poor nutrition in man. If the food eaten by the person is very low in calorific value that may result to only a little energy supplied of the body or the immune system, this condition is also called marasmus.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This project attempt to investigate the causes and effect of poor nutrition in children under the ages of 15 years using Egor Local Government Area as a case study. In recent times poor nutrition causes a variety of different health problems in both adults and children. The major problem is that, they normally affect the children because they are in a period of rapid growth that increases the demand for calories and proteins for similar reasons. Poor nutrition can result from failure to eat enough or failure to choose the right kinds of foods. It is in view of these problems that the researcher has chosen to write on this topic with a view of making recommendations on amounts to consume from each food groups to attain proper nutrition.