jollertexcomputer-Academy

Get Your Project Materials

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE UTILIZATION OF HEALTH CARE SERVICES AMONG UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS IN EKITI STATE TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

Health services in higher institutions are to provide and qualitative treatment, adequate and appropriate information and education about health. Students are not only concerned about their health but also feel susceptible concerning areas of their health and need intervention World Health Organization (WHO, 2013). Unfortunately, in some places, services available and provided are not being utilized are expected for various reasons.

Although, undergraduates majority of who are youths are vulnerable, the tendency to overlook young people’s health by policy makers is high (Feldman, 2012; Kecfe, 2011). More than 2.6 million young people aged 10-24 die each year, mostly due to preventable or treatable causes (Patton, 2009). The situation is worse in sub-sharan African and South East Asia where two-thirds of all deaths of young people occur (Patton, 2009; Blum, 2009). In Nigeria, youths form a significance integral component of her population. Young people’s heath that undergraduate represent should be given adequate and appropriate attention it serves. Youths are the leaders of future and should be treasured with efforts to eliminate as much barriers to attaining their potentials as they transit. One way is to encourage young people to utilize the available services in time of ill-health as this reduces emergency use and hospitalization (Santelliet, 1986; Young, 2001).

Utilization of health services has both short and long-term benefits. McNallet reported that as various acute illness and stress were treated among students that utilize school health centre, they were noticed to have strong academic performance, healthy mind and body. According to UNFPA, about two-third of the total diseases burden in adults are associated with conditions that began in their youth. For instance, utilization of health centre encourages early diagnosis of conditions such as chronic kidney disease which has been reported to be prevalent among the productive age group in Nigeria (Bamigboye, 2006). With, good utilization of health facilities, many chronic diseases could be diagnosed early with progression delayed or halted (Barker, 1994; Barbi & Velpel, 2005; Finch & Crimmins, 2004).

Health care utilization is influenced by predisposing, needs and enabling factors Anderson (1995) and Webber (2003). Need generates the purpose of utilization. People view health and use the services available differently. Symptoms that are more severe are seen as conditions that would need medical attention, whereas condition that unpredictable course are usually, hereto, wrongly considered as not needing medical attention Anderson and Foster (1980), Wade (2008), Narrow (2000). Health beliefs from socio-cultural perspectives and background could have either positive or negative influence on health seeking. The location of the facility, premises, opening hours, and complicated bureaucratic procedures, attitudes of staff and quality of the care and all organizational processes that can affect utilization of health facility (Patton, 2009). The assessment of the available health facilities as it creates for improvement in service delivery. Thus, this study is designed to know the behavioral pattern and identify the factors that influence undergraduate in the utilization of health care facility available within the institution.

A lot of efforts have been geared toward realizing that the quality of life is as much a concern as life than health care is a right rather than a privileged. This is the view of the developing nations and such is the attitude towards healthcare services in these countries. The present concern in both developed and developing countries is not only to reach the whole population with adequate health care services but to provide health services that are affordable by the population. Health for all however, is not a single finite target’. It is a process leading to a progressive improvement in the health of people, to whom the government has committed itself (Picket, 1997).

Health care is a social service with the socio-economic importance, which is paramount to the growth and the development of the individual and the nation at large. Hence it’s important that the health care provided must be quantitatively and qualitatively suitable so as to meet the health need of the people (Ayeni, 1997). The provision of quantitative and qualitative health care rest on the availability of funds. The establishment and development of health care services rest on some factors such as geographical location, cultural, social and political background. However, two other factors that determine the thriving of good health services provided are availability of enough qualified and unquestionable manpower (Human resources) or inadequate fund (Ademiju, 2003).

According to Achalu and Achalu (1999) the protection and care of the health of students and school personnel is very vital, hence the introduction of school health care services. However, the protection and promotion of health is

ultimately an individual responsibility. For example, if a person is well informed about the causes of gonorrhea, he we still be a victim of it, if he fails to protect himself against it. Similarly, if the government makes available health services, the person will not be healthy until he makes use of these services. A person must therefore work for health before he can be healthy. Schools bring together a large number of students and staff more than the any work place. It is important therefore for a system to be put in place to handle first aid, medical emergencies, detecting contagious infections that could spread from an infected person to a person who is not infected.

The University of Nigeria, Nsukka Ikere Campus Ekiti State caters for the health needs of the university community and offers preventive health services. Some of the services provided include.

  1. Daily consultation and emergencies
  2. Annual medical examination for new students and employee

iii. X-ray service

  1. iv. Environmental sanitation services
  2. Family planning clinics
  3. Ante-natal clinic

vii. Child welfare clinic (immunization)

The concept of investing money in the provision of health care facilities in school with the aim of improving the standard of student’s health is laudable but must be reviewed. This is because the effectiveness of such health care services provided would be determined by the effective use of the facility by those it was meant to serve (Ademlju, 2003).

There are many factors that can affect the utilization of the health care centre by the undergraduate students in the schools. As opined by Borroficc, Idowu and Adeogun (2003) ease of access and understanding of staff will determine to a large extent the utilization of health care services. They further asserted that many parents would appreciate the convenience that having health

care in school will bring. Another factor that can affect the rate of utilization of the school’s health centre is the fact that the school is non-residential. The cost of services, method of registration, time of consultation, responsiveness of the personnel to the students the population of registered students against the number of available doctor and nurses and the standard of the equipment of the centre can affect the utilization of the health care centre to find out whether the undergraduate students of UNN Ikere Campus utilize the health centre in the school and also look at these factors that influence the student’s decision to the use the health centre and the standard of the health services provided.

 

Statement of the problem

The availability and utilization of healthcare services to every community in Nigeria is very essential. This is because without adequate healthcare services and the proper utilization of same, the health care of the people will be in jeopardy and will no doubt affect grossly productivity and national income. Availability of healthcare services and utilization promote and protect the health of the individual as well as prevent the spread of diseases and other ailment that may affect the people. When the healthcare services are adequately available and utilized by the people, it helps in improving their health status, thereby reducing ill-health among the people, and this improves efficiency and productivity. Many researchers have been conducted in other areas in respect to healthcare services but there are fewer on tertiary institutions, this then call for the need of this research.

Every society needs the best healthcare services for her people. The tertiary institution cannot be left out of this noble course. As a matter of fact, the tertiary institutions need torn play a leading role in the provision of healthcare services to the people because of the enlightened nature of these institutions and the belief that they should be more health conscious because of their knowledge. It is not,enough to make healthcare services available to the people but that the people’should be able to utilize the services available. The utilization by the people ‘makes it possible for the objective of the availability of these services to be achieved. Utilization of these services cannot be possible if these services are unacceptable and beyond the reach of the people. It is because of these that this study thrusts to evaluate the availability and utilization of healthcare services in UNN Ikere Campus.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

Updated: May 10, 2018 — 4:44 pm

212 Comments

Add a Comment
  1. I wish to show some thanks to this writer for bailing me out of such a matter. Right after checking through the internet and seeing concepts that were not helpful, I thought my entire life was well over. Existing minus the solutions to the issues you have sorted out by way of your good report is a crucial case, as well as those which may have in a negative way damaged my entire career if I had not come across your web site. Your main understanding and kindness in touching a lot of stuff was crucial. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a solution like this. I am able to at this time look ahead to my future. Thank you so much for your specialized and effective help. I won’t be reluctant to refer the sites to anyone who requires support about this topic.

  2. I was just seeking this info for a while. After six hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your site. I wonder what is the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this type of informative web sites in top of the list. Usually the top websites are full of garbage.

  3. whoah this blog is excellent i really like studying your posts. Keep up the great work! You recognize, many people are looking around for this info, you can help them greatly.

  4. I am constantly browsing online for tips that can assist me. Thanks!

  5. Excellent weblog right here! Additionally your site a lot up fast! What web host are you the usage of? Can I am getting your associate link on your host? I want my web site loaded up as quickly as yours lol

  6. I’ve been browsing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet will be much more useful than ever before.

  7. you are truly a excellent webmaster. The website loading speed is incredible. It sort of feels that you’re doing any distinctive trick. Moreover, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a wonderful task on this subject!

  8. Very good written post. It will be beneficial to anyone who utilizes it, as well as myself. Keep up the good work – i will definitely read more posts.

  9. I do accept as true with all the ideas you’ve introduced on your post. They’re really convincing and will definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are very quick for newbies. May you please extend them a little from next time? Thank you for the post.

  10. I think other web-site proprietors should take this site as an model, very clean and fantastic user genial style and design, let alone the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  11. Thank you, I’ve recently been searching for information about this subject for a long time and yours is the greatest I’ve discovered till now. But, what in regards to the conclusion? Are you certain concerning the supply?

  12. Good web site! I truly love how it is simple on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I could be notified when a new post has been made. I’ve subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a great day!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

jollertexcomputer-Academy © 2018 Design By Prayertitus
DMCA (DISCLAIMER) | About Us | Contact Us | Payment Details
Translate »