jollertexcomputer-Academy

Get Your Project Materials

THE EFFECTS OF USING INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN TEACHING BUSINESS STUDIES IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF IKERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

The effect of instructional materials in promoting students’ academic performance and teaching and learning in educational development is indisputable. The teaching of Business studies in Nigerian secondary schools needs to be properly handled. Business contributes to the nation’s economic development, hence, the need to be taught thoroughly if it is to meet the educational and economic development. Moreso, that Business studies is one of the subjects in Junior Secondary Schools; and as a vocational subject, it cannot be taught effectively without the use of appropriate instructional materials (Ajayi, 2008). The curriculum content of the junior secondary school levels consists of three major concepts of production, protection and economics. Learning by doing was emphasized in the curriculum so that the students should be able to produce business products for themselves and their community. A series of activities were suggested in the curriculum to ensure the development of psychomotor skills in business studies by the students. Students’ achievement should be continuously assessed through various forms of tests and during field work and individual assessment should be carried out for activities in business orientation while group assessment be restricted to performance in business activities. Hence for effective and positive production in any establishment, there must be enough working tools to be used by the personnel (Oyedun, 2010).

The teacher alone cannot provide all the needed condition for an effective teaching and learning process, other supporting materials should be provided. The students learn better when most of the senses are appealed to the instruction and use of instructional materials in business studies education has added a new dimension in the positive promotion of the teaching and learning process. It provides the much need sensory experiences needed by the learners for an effective and meaningful behavioural change. Instructional materials are meant to improve the quality of education for effective academic performance of business studies students in schools. The performance of the students on the intended learning outcome provide the validation loop on the success of the interaction and instruction (Bakare, 2006).

Teachers normally dodge the use of instructional materials in most of their teaching topics, while they try to do all they could during their teaching in their course of study; even though some of these materials are not usually available in the schools for teachers’ use. But most of these materials are only made available for students’ use for the purpose of examination. These materials are those that have not been seen or used before by the students. “In most of the secondary schools, instructional materials are not judiciously used as it ought to be. Many teachers teach in abstract without using the required materials” (Ibrahim, 2010).

In making use of any instructional materials, such materials must be previewed that is, having full knowledge of the material; prepare the environment where it will be used; prepare audience by means of making sure that the materials to be used will attract attention, arouse, motivate and provide the rationale that could be used in the beginning, middle or end. The effectiveness of utilizing appropriate instructional materials in teaching and learning of business studies is not void of quality instructor. In order to give quality education to the younger generation, there is need for employment of more competent, experienced and qualified business studies teachers.

The need to identify the suitable instructional materials, by which students can be made to comprehend the extent of the subject easily and intelligibly, is the focus of this study. An indepth look at the secondary schools business studies programmes revealed that there is the need for improving all phases of the programmes (IMAA, 2014). For example, there is need for the introduction and use of instructional materials for use in the classrooms. The broad aim of any good training materials are to induce and support the learning process that leads to improve on-the-job performance through affecting changes in the knowledge, attitudes, skills and practices of the learners. With the above reasons, it is worth investigating the effect of instructional materials in the teaching of Business studies in junior Secondary Schools, for better performance of students in their examination and chosen career in the field of business. If instructional materials are used in Secondary Schools, it would help improving the teaching and learning and hence the academic performance of students in Business studies effectively.

Background of the study

This study was carried out to find out the effect of instructional resource on the academic achievement of secondary school students. Many authors have written on the use and effectives of instructional materials or teaching aid to enhance teaching for desired social and behavioural change. More specifically, it was emphasized that the use of instructional material is a sine qua-no in effecting behavior of learners of every field i.e. prerequisite requirement or an essential condition.

However, it is noteworthy that teaching aids are important catalysts for social re-engineering and change in learners. It is obvious that effective learning cannot be well accomplished without the use of instructional materials.

Instructional materials possess some inherent advantages that make them unique in teaching. For one thing, they provide the teacher with interesting and compelling platform for conveying information since they motivate learning to have interest in learning process. Also, by providing opportunities for private study and reference, the learner’s interest and curiosity are increasing stimulated.

Instructional material/media resources that help to make teaching more meaningful and understandable, these include audio-visual, auditory materials and a host of others.

There is no gain saying the fact that a good teacher will perform better in a situation where he/she had various materials to make his task easier.

Kolade et al (2013) opined that these teaching aids help to develop communication ability by reducing ambiguity, More so, they observed that about 94% of what is seen is remembered when the sense have been involved.

However, the absence of instructional materials make teaching, not only time consuming; energy sapping, but a difficult task. Therefore, instructional materials have come to assume, not only an enviable position, but have been increasingly recognized as an integral and essential part of teaching.

Wales (2006) was of the opinion that the use of instructional resources would make discovered facts glued firmly to the memory of students.

Savoury (2008) also added that, a well-planned and imaginative use of visual aids in lessons should do much to banish apathy supplement in adequacy of book as well as arouse student interest by giving them something practical to see and do, and at the same time helping to train them to think things out themselves.

In his own contributions, Ogunmilade C.A (2012) has this to say, “the teacher can use instructional materials in various way to make his effort more effective in producing learners (students) who are agile, well-groomed and adequately informed”. He went further to say that “instructional materials can help to present factors and information”. It can engender interest and raise the enthusiasm of learners.

It can also help in picture and image vividly in minds and memory of learner. He concluded that instructional materials have effectively proved a useful comparison in the pursuit of aspiration, knowledge and growth.

In order to raise the quality of education, its efficiency and productivity, better learning materials are needed. Knezewich (2007) also stressed the importance of having appropriate personnel plan and adequate physical facilities to support educational effort. To this end, this project attempts to find out the adequacy or non-adequacy of instructional materials for the teaching of business education in Junior Secondary School.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

Updated: February 9, 2018 — 6:12 pm

384 Comments

Add a Comment
  1. Thank you, I’ve recently been looking for info approximately this topic for a while and yours is the best I’ve discovered so far. However, what about the conclusion? Are you certain concerning the supply?

  2. Hello there, You’ve done an excellent job. I will certainly digg it and personally suggest to my friends. I’m sure they will be benefited from this website.

  3. I like this post, enjoyed this one appreciate it for putting up. “It is well to give when asked but it is better to give unasked, through understanding.” by Kahlil Gibran.

  4. Hello.This article was extremely interesting, particularly since I was browsing for thoughts on this topic last Thursday.

  5. You made some fine points there. I did a search on the topic and found mainly persons will consent with your blog.

  6. Generally I do not learn article on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to try and do it! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thank you, quite nice post.

  7. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I will be subscribing to your feeds and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  8. Hey! This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this article to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  9. Hello there, I discovered your web site via Google while looking for a related matter, your web site got here up, it seems to be good. I have bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.

  10. Very efficiently written article. It will be valuable to everyone who employess it, including meHotel Frankfurt Oder. Keep up the good work – for sure i will check out more posts.

  11. Thanks , I’ve recently been searching for info about this subject for a while and yours is the greatest I’ve found out till now. However, what about the conclusion? Are you sure concerning the source?

  12. I¡¦ve recently started a web site, the info you provide on this web site has helped me tremendously. Thank you for all of your time & work.

  13. Wonderful paintings! That is the kind of info that are meant to be shared around the net. Shame on the search engines for now not positioning this put up higher! Come on over and visit my website . Thank you =)

  14. I just want to tell you that I am just beginner to weblog and certainly loved you’re blog site Effluent Treatment Plant.You really come with fabulous writings. Thanks a bunch for sharing with us your web site.

  15. I just want to tell you that I am just beginner to weblog and certainly loved you’re blog site Effluent Treatment Plant.You really come with fabulous writings. Thanks a bunch for sharing with us your web site.

  16. I wanted to write a brief remark in order to say thanks to you for those awesome items you are showing on this site. My rather long internet lookup has now been rewarded with high-quality ideas to share with my company. I ‘d express that we website visitors are definitely fortunate to live in a magnificent network with very many lovely professionals with useful basics. I feel rather happy to have used your entire web pages and look forward to so many more pleasurable minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once more for a lot of things.

  17. Of course, what a fantastic blog and instructive posts, I will bookmark your blog.Have an awsome day!

  18. Great write-up, I am normal visitor of one¡¦s site, maintain up the nice operate, and It’s going to be a regular visitor for a lengthy time.

  19. A lot of thanks for every one of your labor on this blog. My daughter takes pleasure in doing investigation and it is easy to understand why. Almost all know all about the powerful form you render reliable things through this blog and foster response from website visitors on this area of interest then our favorite child is learning a lot. Enjoy the rest of the new year. You’re carrying out a wonderful job.

  20. I really can’t believe how great this site is. Keep up the good work. I’m going to tell all my friends about this place.

  21. My only small complaint is actually that the sides might be a little bit “stronger”. If you obtain very near to the edge, there’s an odds you could roll off.

  22. I in addition to my guys were actually examining the best techniques from the blog while before long came up with a horrible feeling I never expressed respect to the blog owner for those strategies. All the guys are already for that reason happy to read them and have now undoubtedly been using them. Appreciate your truly being so helpful and for utilizing this kind of cool guides most people are really desirous to be aware of. My honest regret for not expressing appreciation to you earlier.

  23. Great remarkable issues here. I am very glad to see your article. Thanks so much and i am having a look forward to contact you. Will you please drop me a e-mail?

  24. Good blog! I truly love how it is easy on my eyes and the data are well written. I am wondering how I could be notified whenever a new post has been made. I have subscribed to your RSS feed which must do the trick! Have a nice day!

  25. I precisely wanted to thank you very much all over again. I am not sure what I could possibly have taken care of without the entire secrets discussed by you concerning such problem. It previously was a alarming dilemma for me, nevertheless discovering the very expert style you resolved that made me to jump for joy. I will be grateful for your information and thus hope you find out what an amazing job that you’re putting in teaching other individuals all through your blog post. More than likely you’ve never got to know any of us.

  26. This site looks better and better every time I visit it. What have you done with this place to make it so amazing?!

  27. Very nice article and straight to the point. I don’t know if this is in fact the best place to ask but do you people have any thoughts on where to hire some professional writers? Thank you 🙂

  28. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently rapidly.

  29. Howdy Partner. You look like the type of guy who needs to have a little fun. You can have all kinds of fun at http://camgirl.pw/ That’s the most exciting site on the internet. You’ll never experience a dull moment there. Go ahead, give it a try. Just remember to be on your best behavior. Cowboys can be rowdy. Try not to drink too much time at the saloon before heading on over there.

  30. Talking to this blonde beauty is much more fun than playing the lottery!

  31. Excellent blog right here! Additionally your website lots up fast! What host are you the use of? Can I get your associate hyperlink on your host? I want my web site loaded up as fast as yours lol

  32. What i don’t realize is in fact how you’re now not actually a lot more neatly-preferred than you might be right now. You’re so intelligent. You know therefore significantly on the subject of this matter, produced me individually believe it from so many varied angles. Its like men and women are not fascinated until it¡¦s one thing to accomplish with Woman gaga! Your individual stuffs excellent. All the time deal with it up!

  33. I have to express my thanks to you for rescuing me from such a scenario. Just after checking throughout the world wide web and meeting thoughts which were not powerful, I figured my life was gone. Being alive without the presence of strategies to the difficulties you have sorted out as a result of your good guide is a serious case, as well as those that would have negatively affected my career if I had not discovered your site. Your primary natural talent and kindness in maneuvering a lot of stuff was very useful. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not come upon such a point like this. I can at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks a lot so much for the impressive and results-oriented help. I won’t hesitate to propose your web page to any person who ought to have guidance on this problem.

  34. I am not sure where you are getting your info, however good topic. I must spend some time finding out much more or figuring out more. Thanks for wonderful info I was on the lookout for this info for my mission.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

jollertexcomputer-Academy © 2018 Design By Prayertitus
DMCA (DISCLAIMER) | About Us | Contact Us | Payment Details
Translate »