Background of the Study
Earlier attempts to undertake a systematic and formal study on how to arrive at a researchable conclusion as regards the effective methods of approach to teaching in Nigeria tertiary institution.
This is evidenced by the performances of secondary school students in Political Science. Also, some of the Political Science textbooks used in College of Education in Nigeria today are not comprehensive enough. The authors of many of them did age, interest, social cultural and environmental needs of the schools of which such textbooks were being prepared for.
Apart from the inadequate and non-availability of reliable, validated and standard textbooks, the category of teachers required to teach Political Science in Colleges of Education need to be examined. Categorically speaking, some Nigeria secondary school teachers are not well groomed in Political Science facts, concepts, skills and principles, and this category of teachers are expected to teach Political Science or inculcate its idea and concepts effectively I doubt if such miracle could happen physically unless they (teachers) are subjected to Political Science education courses. This could be done or made possible through the development of a curriculum. Curriculum designers and organizers should systematically arrange constructive workshops, industrial training in- service training, and vocational training and so on for such teachers who are ready to teach students.
At present, there are three major groups of subject area in Nigeria educational system. These are the physical sciences, social sciences and art subject. Each of these subjects is designed to inculcate specific learning experience in the students. These subjects are taught by different teachers and due to the fact that the objectives of these subject areas are different from one another, the methodology instructional materials used by teachers to teach them are therefore not the same. Political Science as a subject is one of the social science courses considered to be complex by most people especially the secondary school students. Therefore, for the theoretical concepts taught to the students to be meaningful and understandable, its basis need to be clarified by well-organized or field trips, workshop which most be mentioned and coordinated by professional Political Science teachers.
Some people assume that effective teaching depends on the level of educational qualifications alone without taking other factors into consideration such as teaching methodology, student’s attitude and readiness, teacher’s attitude and interest, teaching experience, nature of training as well as number of periods and subjects taught.
Hence, the main purpose of this study is to critically appraise the various methods of teaching Political Science and the problems facing methods.
In essence, this will enable the readers to realize some of its effects on the performance of the students.
It is very important to understand that emphasis has been placed on commercial subjects, of which Political Science is one in Nigeria College of Education, Ikere Ekiti.
This is because the government has now realized two important issues viz:
- That a country’s level of Political Science development and stability depends on the accountability and financially management of such nation.
- That an important science and commercial base is a strong foundation for rapid Political Science process of a developing nation like ours-Nigeria.
Therefore, the teaching of Political Science in Nigeria Colleges of Education toward the achievement of these objectives is now a challenge to the Political Science teachers in particular.
Bear it in mind, the teaching of Political Science must involve some specific methodology that will pare way for the attainment of the land own behavioural objectives for the inclusion of Political Science subject into College of Education curriculum.
Statement of the Problem
A lot of problems hinder the effective teaching of Political Science in Nigeria College of Education have been identified. The problems are as variety as the degree of their effects.
The researcher finds it necessary to look into the forms and patterns of concepts of Political Science in Colleges of Education owing to experience the encountered during his teaching practice exercise.
Some schools have no educational facilities for examples are classrooms, favorably climate and adequate instructional aids like film, video, slides transparencies and so on.
In view of the fact that the Political Science as subject needs to be taught effectively, it is of paramount importance that the method of teaching be made interesting, well organized, stimulating, arousing and less rigorous.
From the above background, the researcher attempts to identify the effectiveness of the methods of teaching Political Science in some selected Colleges of Education in Nigeria. The data collected will assist in providing solutions to the numerous problems facing the teaching and learning of Political Science.