Background Of The Study
One of the major function of education is the development of the mind , releasing of t;ents and the inculcation of skills. Therefore education has concluded that a necessatu complement of these function in school counseling and guidance.
Guidance and counseling is the process by which an individuals is elped to grow to the best of his ability so that he can make maximum use of potnetials.
Denga (2013) defined guidance as a formalized educational service aimed at helping the individual as a person to understand himself to be able to make appropriate decisions for himself.
Wren (2013) observed that a counselor can be effective if he or she understand youth and thier world particularly the location of the youth in the world. Wren believed that the counsellor recieves from the clients.
Makinde O.(2014) defines guidance as those services meant for helping individuals to insight and understands himself of the presents and future environment so that the choice and decision he makes will lead to a satisfying effective and worthwhile experinces.
The main objective of this study is to assess studnets’ attitudes towards gudiance and counselling services in Ekiti West Local Government Area of Ekiti State. It is hoped that the finding from the study will improve the resercher’s effectiveness as a counsellor and also lead to knowledge accretion on the part of those who are interesetd in counselling services in the newly adopted education system known as 6-3-3-4.
It can be argues at this point that counseling services ought to have been long established in the seconfaty school level considering its indispensable services to the youth. Also, there is no-gain-saying that many school have noted that education has failed to respond effectively to the changing needs of the individuals.
There are many forces that suggested the necessity for guidance programmes in our schools. However, the researcer will group these forces into three thus:
Rapid social change, man power needs and psychological needs of the youth.
- RAPID SOCIAL CHANGES – In the thirty six years post independence, life of Nigeria, the country has witnessed turbulent po;itical events result of which were civil war, coups and counter coups. Furthermore, expanded economy and had recessiones experienced. Also the witnessed the emergency of a class of excessively rich individuals couple with effectd of mass or retenchment and poverty. The above changes had some nastu robberies is evidence. The researcher makes bold to say that the effects of these changes depends on hard work which they see around them a lot of youth are now convinced that the route of success does not neccessarily lie in hard work on whom you know. Also, quits a number of youth are not convinced that education pay-say is a sin-gua-non to success.
- MANPOWER NEED: Massice un-employment and massice shortage in work force in key areas of the economy is one of the sad paradoxes of our national life.
These key areas are in the scientific professional managerial and technical fields. This normally constitute a cog in the wheel of our development efforts. It is our candid hope that guidance and counseling can help young poeple becoming employable and productive citizens by developing and directing their potentials into relevevants fields.
- PSYCHOLOICAL NEEDS OF THE YOUTH – Critically observed, most Nigerian youth do not recognise thier personal development. Quite a large num ber of the youth have turned to drug, sex maniac, 419 and cocaine pushers teading through the newspapers, there are great coveverse of the public expecially the parents and school administration on the high rate of increase drug abuse by the youths.
There is a family disintegrated, the traditional family counseling is no more adequate for the individual to cope with the problem of modern life coupled with this is the increases in school age population, educational and vocational choices now require expert handling. Therefore, it is dire need for guidance and counseling services in secondary schools yet, there are some factors responsible for its implementation. One of the factors is the inability to define the counsellor role in the schools. The school principals as well as other teachers have a negative attitude towards counselling services. Moreover, they see the school counsellor as a duplication of school principal, vice principal or heads of department rather than to go above mentioned officers who can handled students problem rather than any counsellor.
Another factors is the negative attitudes of policy makers. Gescude (2010) says that the educational planner at the lower and middle levels and ministeries have a tendencies to wait if the need for counseling disappear.
Statement of the Problem
Since the inroduction of the universal primary education in the year 1976, tremendous increase has been witnessed in the number of school age children all over the country in view of this, there is need to develop guidnace and counselling as a profession to the student’s population and helps the school to perform its teaching duties effectively and efficiently.
From my experience during my teaching practice exercies at Akure South Local government Secondary Schools, I was quite aware that there were students and teachers who were significant numbers of students who were hostile and epathetic this set of students and aspiration that if the pattern courses of attitudinal differences are identified, it will helps the restructuring of the counsellor’s approach and services.
Moreover, introducing new services is just like introducing a new product into market therfore the person introducing such services or product must first assess his or her clients interests or disposition towards it.
Therefore it is reasonable to inquire into the attitudes of students to counselling services if the services are to be effectively practised since one recognises that the students are the primary clients.