The study was designed to ascertain the availability, adequacy and utilization of physical education teaching resources in public secondary schools in Ekiti State. Specifically the study determined to find out the available physical education teaching resources – facilities, equipment and supplies in secondary schools in Ekiti State, the adequacy of the available resources and the utilization of such resources. The descriptive survey research design was used for the study. The population for the study comprised 275 secondary schools and 470 physical education teachers in public secondary schools in the State. The proportionate random sampling technique was adopted in the study and a sample size of 35 secondary schools and 103 physical education teachers were drawn for the study. Two instruments were developed and used for the study. The Availability and Adequacy of Physical Education Resources Check list (AAPERC) and the Utilization of Physical Education Resources Questionnaire (UPERQ). The instruments were validated by experts in the Department of Health and Physical Education University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Cronbach Alpha statistics was used to test the reliability of the instruments. The reliability coefficient of the three instruments are .80, .50, and .60 respectively. A 100% return rate was recorded after the administration of the questionnaire. The data were computed using SPSS. Chi-square and analysis of variance were used to analyze the data. (ANOVA). The findings of the study indicated that of all the physical education teaching facilities only soccer fields are available in all the schools. However more than half of the schools have volleyball courts, basket ball courts and athletic tracks and fields. On physical education equipment and supplies only whistles are available in all the schools studied; other items that are available in most of the schools include soccer balls, hand balls, volley balls, and basket balls. Most of the schools also have relay batons, javelin and shot put. The result of the study indicates that of all the physical education facilities, equipment and supplies, only soccer field are adequate in the schools. Physical education equipment and supplies that are adequately utilized in the schools are soccer balls, volley balls, relay batons, javelin, shot put, measuring tape and first aid box with the materials. Of all the factors investigated only inadequate time allotment was found to be affecting the utilization of physical education teaching resources in the schools. Based on the results, it was recommended that workshops be organized for principals of secondary schools and physical education teachers on the need to construct physical education facilities in the schools and procure the equipment and supplies. Adequate time should also be allotted to physical education instructional programme in the school time table.
Background to the Study
The availability of adequate facilities, equipment and supplies as well as their utilization are important ingredients in any physical education and sports programme. In recent times it has been observed that physical education and sports seems to be loosing steam in almost all the secondary schools in Ekiti State. This is being considered as part of the reason why the state has not been discovering new athletes and performing well in national sports festivals. This situation may likely persist if there are not adequate resources, especially instructional materials or if those available are not adequately utilized. The level of success of most physical education and sports programmes is greatly dependent on the degree of availability, adequacy and utilization of up-to-date facilities, equipment and supplies. This is because they form the hub around which such programmes revolve (Akinsanmi, 1995; Mgbor, 2005; Mgbor and Anyanjor, 2005).
Availability refers to services/resources that can be obtained in the discharge of certain functions. Longman (2003) asserts that availability refers to resources ready to be used, able to be used or that can easily be found and used. Onyejiemezie (2002) noted that availability is a state of making provision for a satisfactory standard requirement in terms of teaching resource to enhance effective instructional activity in a particular subject. According to the author no meaningful learning or transfer of what has been learned will take place if such learning occurs in a situation devoid of relevant activities and concrete experiences. In other words, availability can be defined as human and material resources ready for use in teaching physical education. In recognition of the importance of availability of resources in teaching Olaitan, Igbo, Ekong, Nwachukwu and Onyemaechi (1999) noted that no meaningful learning or transfer of what has been learned will take place if such learning occurs in a situation devoid of relevant materials and activities as well as concrete experiences. The importance of availability of resources cannot be over-emphasized in teaching of physical education in schools. The availability of resources-instructional facilities, equipment and supplies as well as adequate personnel motivates the learners, increases the teacher’s efficiency and promotes the productivity of the teacher. Facilities, supplies and equipment provision are important aspect of physical education and sports programme management.