1.1 Background to the Study
Decision making concerning appropriate choice of career or occupation to take is the most critical problem area facing students in secondary schools system and young schools leavers. Research findings have revealed that sources of difficulty said to confront students and school leavers in particular include lack of information, awareness and orientation. Lack of knowledge, training and opportunities about the activities in different careers or vocation is the most problem area confronting students in senior secondary schools. This critical problem led to lack of understanding of job seeking strategies among school leavers.
Career development is regarded as a sequence of development is regarded as a sequence of developmental experiences which culminate not only in vocation choice but also in a lifelong career pattern as well. Career Choice as a developmental process spanning almost throughout a person’s life, is one of the most complex and important decision one has to make in one’s life time. Career Choice in essence refers to the process whereby an individual makes up his mind in favour of a particular career or occupation at a given time after due considerations of other alternative careers. This decision is made with the realization that the necessary demands or implications of entering into the career area. This is why a student needs to be thoroughly furnished with the relevant career information to enable the student to take judicious Career decision. Undoubtedly, to make a career decision or preference is not an easy process, so the choice of a career is the most important decision on most students to take. The need to make a good choice of career becomes paramount, if one is to find satisfaction and happiness in the world of work and occupation.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Nigerian school leavers are faced with the problem of unemployment in the world of work, in the fast expanding technological advancement. This problem coupled with economic uncertainties was brought by inadequate career information on the availability of jobs, lack of knowledge of what career to choose by the students, misguided career information by parents because most parents are ignorant of the existing careers. Other problems that students experience in choosing a career are students choose professions according to their names but not having the intelligence to match such career. Another problem is that as a result of economic and social interest of students they overlook the advice of the professional counselor in view for a career choice. Yet and more particularly, statistic from Nigerian universities show that the departments of Economics have always recorded the highest number of applicants on yearly basis. Thus, this study undertakes an investigation into the rationale behind students’ continuous interest in their choice of economics as a career.