The focus to this student was to investigate on the effects of instructional materials in teaching and leaning of integrated science.
Five secondary schools were selected in Akure south local government area in Ondo State. 200 students were randomly selected from the selected schools, the instrument used consist of
Student Questionnaire (S.Q)
Teacher Questionnaire (T.P)
There exists a significant (positive) change on the effect of instructional materials in teaching and learning of integrated science. This confirms that adequate used of instructional materials motivate student performances in integrated science.
One also needs to acknowledge that there are many effect of instructional on academic performances, there must be improvement on the use of the instructional materials.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents viii
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background to the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problems 4
1.3 Problem of the Study 5
1.4 Research Questions 6
1.5 Research Hypothesis 7
1.6 Significant of the Study 7
1.7 Scope of the Student/Delimitation 8
2.1 Literature Review 10
2.2 Selection of Instructional Materials 13
2.3 Utilization of Instructional Materials 14
2.4 Mis-Use Instructional AIDS 21
3.0 Research Methodology 24
3.1 Research Design 24
3.2 Sample and Sampling Techniques 24
3.3 Instrumentations 25
3.4 Method of Data Collection 27
3.5 Method of Data Analysis 27
4.0 Presentation and Interpretation of Data 28
4.1 Procedure of Data Collection 28
4.2 Analysis of Data 28
4.3 Result and Discussion 31
5.0 Conclusion, Recommendation and Summary 33
5.1 Conclusion 33
5.2 Recommendation 34
5.3 Summary 35
1.1 BACK GROUND TO THE STUDY
The substantial level at which countries in the whole universe are anxious to improve in science and technology every day can not be undermined. High priority has been placed on science and technology because of the vital role it plays on the society at large.
Science is defined as a body of knowledge in an orderly manner, especially knowledge obtained by observation and testing of fact, generalization pursuit of knowledge. Scientists tried to explain and predict the way in which every thing in the world behaves.
According to Advanced learners dictionary, science involves finding out how and why things happen natural curiosity sometimes provide the starting point for a scientist or scientific knowledge.
Integrated science is a major fundamental branch of science because its principles are from branch of science because its principles are from the function of life. Integrated science as the foundation of all science subjects should be handled and taught properly in secondary schools so as to produce future generation of vibrant, competent and qualified scientist.
Integrated science as a subject of study can be described as the linking together of all science subjects to form a whole; the science subjects linked together include, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and deals with reality of life which includes human and every visible and invisible things. In this regard, Integrated science as a subject should not be taught in our secondary schools as a body of theoretical knowledge only, since it deals with theoretical and piratical aspect, Integrated science should be taught practically most often.
The use of instructional materials must be encouraged in the teaching and learning of integrated science so as to make it more realistic an d effective. Although a lot of problems had led to the poor performances of integrated science students in secondary schools, among others as a course of study. Other facts include poor instructional materials, poor facilities, environment factors, teachers’ altitudes, teaching skills, it is a clear fact that the subject can be difficult, but difficulty itself is a form of altitudes which can be broken by improving individual interest through the use of instructional materials. PEREZ (1973) affirmed that if teachers wish to teach science properly, the teacher must be willing to delegate to the students’ many duties.
These materials are necessary for the purpose of bringing about effective teaching and learning. They also concerned with a person, material or event that established condition which enables the learners to acquire knowledge, skills and altitudes. It could also be referred to as instructional media
Instructional materials include text books, object models, charts, audio visual, pictures, maps and globes these instructional materials facilities effective teaching and learning of science in general