Get Your Project Materials





The interest in an object or activity is aroused as a result of effort to satisfy a felt need. The individual’s need arouses his/ her interest or motivates him/ her to take action or to participate in activities that would lead to the satisfaction of the need, Njoku (2003) in Eriba & Achor (2010). The researcher adds that interest is congruent with motivation and both constructs are action oriented, having originated from need. There is therefore an assumed link between what the biology teacher does in the class and how the learner’s are motivated to learn. It may be more appropriate to examine what happens in a classroom currently. Particularly, one would like to know the kind of interaction that takes place in the biology class between the teacher and the leaner and the materials.

Classroom interaction refers to a technique consisting of objective and systematic observation of the classroom events for the study of the teacher’s classroom behaviour and the process of interaction going on inside the classroom (Eriba& Achor, 2010). It can be described as a classroom process in which teachers and students have a reciprocal effect upon each other through what they say and do in the classroom (Matelo, 2006). It is an interpersonal transaction between the teacher and student which occurs at different levels.

This encompasses a lesson situation during which the teacher and students through their verbal and non- verbal actions have reciprocal effect on each other. In particular, the relationship between students and their teachers is an essential part of teaching and learning process and it is expected to have a great effect on their lives. Audu & Achor (2003) stated that interaction in the classroom entails an active encounter of the teacher and the student through verbal, gestural and resource instrumentality to bring about effective communication in a teaching learning process. For both parties to be actively involved in the teaching and learning, the method in use ought to create opportunity for the required interaction to take place.

Interaction in the secondary school biology class is a precursor to learning by students in the learning process. This is because the type of interaction pattern that goes on in the classroom could have a major impact on how well students achieve the goals on instruction. Biology is both process and product derived from experimentation. This means that science involves doing experimental work. Biology as a science subject is a practical course being concerned with the study of life. The entire environment which life exists can serve as their laboratory while the entire living organisms (biotic) and the non- living (a biotic) components of the environment serves as resources (Nwagbo, 2008). Biology is the most popular science subject offered by both sciences oriented and arts based students in the senior secondary certificate examination (SSCE) in Nigeria (Nwachukwu & Nwosu, 2007). This explains why a large number of senior secondary school students sit for biology in SSCE which is conducted by the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

Teacher- student interaction in the classroom is a two- way process. Each participant influences the other’s behaviour that is the student’s condition their teacher’s behaviour and vice versa. There has been contrasting opinions on gender related issues in interaction. Onyegegbu (2004) in a research reported that girls participated in fewer interactions than boys. Ibitoye (1998) carried out a research on gender differences and achievement in Agricultural science and found out that there was no significant difference in the achievement of male and female student in the subject. Since previous studies have variously shown differences in gender and interaction in classroom.

Over the years, there has been a decline in the performance in biology school certificate examination (Chief Examiner Reports, 2002). This could be attributed to poor performance in practical biology school certificate examination. This poor performance in practical may be linked to biology activities carried out in the mundane, unimaginative manner (Onyegegbu, 2001). It would be appropriate to extend it to interaction in practical classroom especially in biology classroom.

Nigeria that related reports are mixed. Considering the need to improve the biology performance level and prepare the students for a diverse global workplace, it becomes necessary to investigate the interaction pattern in senior secondary practical biology classroom. Effective teaching of any subject will not only stimulates student’s interest in the subject but also enhance their achievement in the examination. To achieve effective teaching and learning process, there is the need for use of instructional materials.

Instructional materials are the different teaching aids or apparatus which a classroom teacher employs to facilitate his or her teaching for the achievement of the stated objective. Agun (1992) defined instructional materials as those materials which are helpful to the teachers and students and which maximize learning in various areas. The use of instructional materials in teaching of agricultural science is very important because it provides a concrete basis for conceptual thinking motivates people to learn and captures pupils’ imagination if used correctly (Ajalla, 1997).

The cognitive domain of learning involves knowledge and the development of intellectual skills. It includes the recognition of specific facts, procedural patterns and concepts that serve in the development of abilities and skills Achievement test is a test given at the end to find out the extent to which a student has achieved something, acquired certain information or mastered certain skill as a result of planned instruction or training. The importance of instructional materials in teaching and learning of agricultural science especially at the primary and Junior Secondary Schools cannot be over emphasized considering its effect on the development of intellectual skills on the students.

Many research findings have shown that Secondary School Students exhibit dwindling interest in science subjects Resaecher reported that researches on the reasons for the lack of interest in science among students included: lack of qualified teachers, lack of practical works, insufficient allotment of time for Integrated Science on the school time-table and poor method of teaching, non/poor use of instructional materials etc. These he maintained were among the major factors militating the successful implementation of the core curriculum in Integrated Science. For a start, there was therefore, the need to investigate the effects of the use of instructional materials on students‟ performance in Integrated Science. Thus, this work was designed specifically to unveil the effects of use of instructional materials on students educational performance in Integrated Science.

Statement of the Problem

The use of instructional materials in schools is not encouraging. As a result, it makes the morale and interest of the students in agricultural science low. This is because teachers adopt the verbalistic and theoretical method as a way of teaching and learning the subject, mainly due to non- availability of instructional material in schools. The question now is, to what extent does the use of instructional materials effect learning and students achievement in Biology in secondary schools.

How to get complete project materials

Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details

NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
AMOUNT:                  N2000


Updated: — 7:52 am


Add a Comment
  1. Needed to compose you a very little note to help say thanks yet again considering the striking secrets you have shown above. This has been simply extremely generous with you to provide unreservedly what exactly many of us would have distributed for an ebook in order to make some bucks for themselves, notably seeing that you could possibly have tried it in case you decided. The smart ideas as well acted to be a fantastic way to be certain that some people have the same interest much like my own to know good deal more with respect to this condition. I’m sure there are several more fun opportunities up front for individuals who looked over your website.

  2. I have to express my admiration for your generosity for those individuals that need assistance with in this situation. Your real dedication to getting the solution along had been astonishingly significant and have in every case made somebody like me to arrive at their pursuits. Your helpful hints and tips indicates this much to me and somewhat more to my office workers. Thank you; from all of us.

  3. I want to show some thanks to you for bailing me out of this circumstance. As a result of scouting throughout the search engines and finding things which are not beneficial, I believed my life was gone. Living without the presence of solutions to the issues you’ve sorted out by way of your good write-up is a critical case, and ones which could have negatively damaged my career if I had not noticed your website. Your actual ability and kindness in touching a lot of things was helpful. I don’t know what I would have done if I hadn’t come upon such a solution like this. I can also now look ahead to my future. Thank you very much for this reliable and results-oriented help. I will not hesitate to endorse your blog post to any individual who wants and needs guidance on this subject matter.

  4. I simply wanted to write a quick message to appreciate you for the awesome points you are writing at this website. My prolonged internet research has at the end been compensated with useful information to go over with my friends and family. I ‘d point out that many of us site visitors actually are extremely endowed to exist in a decent community with very many marvellous individuals with useful basics. I feel very much happy to have used your entire web page and look forward to plenty of more enjoyable minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once more for everything.

  5. Thanks a lot for giving everyone an extremely nice possiblity to read from this blog. It is always so useful and also jam-packed with a great time for me personally and my office fellow workers to search the blog the equivalent of three times in a week to see the latest guides you have got. And lastly, I’m just usually amazed with the fabulous pointers served by you. Selected 1 areas in this post are indeed the most impressive I’ve had.

  6. My husband and i felt relieved when Jordan could conclude his researching via the precious recommendations he had while using the weblog. It’s not at all simplistic to just be handing out tips and hints which often many others might have been trying to sell. And we also understand we have the website owner to thank because of that. These illustrations you have made, the simple blog menu, the friendships you can help instill – it’s all awesome, and it is making our son and the family know that that issue is enjoyable, and that is pretty pressing. Many thanks for the whole lot!

  7. I would like to express some appreciation to the writer just for bailing me out of such a difficulty. Because of researching through the search engines and meeting techniques which are not pleasant, I figured my life was well over. Living without the strategies to the problems you have sorted out by means of your good guideline is a serious case, and those that could have adversely damaged my entire career if I hadn’t noticed your blog. Your actual natural talent and kindness in handling every part was valuable. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I had not encountered such a thing like this. I’m able to at this moment look forward to my future. Thanks a lot very much for this professional and result oriented help. I will not be reluctant to propose the sites to any person who would like recommendations about this problem.

  8. I actually wanted to compose a small remark so as to appreciate you for those amazing hints you are sharing at this website. My extended internet investigation has at the end been paid with brilliant suggestions to talk about with my colleagues. I would repeat that many of us visitors actually are undeniably endowed to live in a useful network with many perfect professionals with useful hints. I feel truly grateful to have come across your entire web pages and look forward to plenty of more amazing minutes reading here. Thanks a lot once again for everything.

  9. I wanted to put you that little observation to be able to say thanks over again with your great principles you have shown here. This is incredibly open-handed of you to allow freely exactly what many people would have distributed as an ebook to earn some cash for themselves, mostly considering that you might have done it in case you wanted. The suggestions in addition acted to be the great way to recognize that other people have the identical passion just as my personal own to see a whole lot more with respect to this matter. I know there are millions of more pleasurable instances ahead for those who read your site.

  10. My husband and i got quite contented Jordan could conclude his survey through the entire ideas he got through the web site. It is now and again perplexing to simply choose to be giving freely instructions other people could have been selling. We really understand we’ve got the website owner to give thanks to because of that. The most important illustrations you have made, the simple blog navigation, the friendships you will give support to create – it’s everything terrific, and it is facilitating our son and us do think this subject matter is enjoyable, and that’s pretty mandatory. Many thanks for all the pieces!

  11. I want to voice my affection for your generosity giving support to folks who really want help on this important study. Your real dedication to getting the solution around has been exceedingly beneficial and has specifically encouraged women like me to reach their objectives. Your amazing informative key points implies much a person like me and extremely more to my fellow workers. Many thanks; from each one of us.

  12. I’m also commenting to let you understand of the fabulous experience my wife’s child encountered going through your webblog. She came to find several things, including what it’s like to possess a wonderful helping mood to have a number of people quite simply know several advanced topics. You undoubtedly exceeded our own expected results. Thanks for imparting such helpful, dependable, educational and unique thoughts on that topic to Kate.

  13. I precisely had to say thanks all over again. I do not know the things that I would have carried out without these solutions provided by you about my concern. It was a frightful scenario in my position, however , seeing the very well-written fashion you solved that made me to cry for delight. I’m just happier for the advice and pray you realize what a powerful job your are doing instructing other individuals with the aid of your web site. Most likely you haven’t encountered all of us.

  14. Thanks again for the article post.Much thanks again. Really Cool.

  15. This is one awesome article post.Much thanks again. Want more.

  16. I really enjoy the blog.Really looking forward to read more.

  17. Im thankful for the blog article.Much thanks again. Awesome.

  18. Looking forward to reading more. Great blog article.Really thank you! Fantastic.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

jollertexcomputer-Academy © 2018 Design By Prayertitus
DMCA (DISCLAIMER) | About Us | Contact Us | Payment Details
Translate »