jollertexcomputer-Academy

Get Your Project Materials

EXTENT OF IMPROVISATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR COMPUTER EDUCATION IN IKERE EKITI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

Chapter one

inroduction

1.1     Background of the Study

The world has witness in the past, two major socioeconomic revolutions: the agricultural revolution and the industrial revolution. Presently, there is another socio-economic shift, which is the arrival of computer is being witnessed. This stage of revolution in the society emphasized the production, storage and distribution of information in various forms.

Computer can be seen as an electronic device or machine that is capable of accepting inputs or data through input devices. Processes the input and generates appropriate results which are displayed through the output devices. Computer is an electronic machine used to record, store process and recall data or information.

Computer is a fast and accurate electronic machine, which is capable of accepting data as input, process data and process outputs under the influence of a stored program or instruction. Computer education can be seen as learning experiences with computer for the aim of achieving the set objectives of computer education (Nwaibe 1994) consequently. Computer education is aimed at making the learner computer literate.

In Ekiti State, computer education is a welcomed development whereby the teaching of computer is being administered to all students regardless of the class they belong to in secondary schools but the problems faced here is that, they don’t have all the necessary requirement needed for effective and successful teaching and learning of computer. This requirement includes: computer laboratories and libraries, enough computer systems, electric supply and instructional materials for computer education.

Education is the primary agent of transformation towards sustainable development. It increases peoples capacities to transform their visions for society into reality.

All the countries strive for quality education for their sustainable development. At any education level, the quality of education depends upon several factors such as: school facilities, teacher’s qualifications, traders’ motivation, management and administration, etc. in other words, a quality school is a school where pupils respect their peers, their teachers and their school management. Have a voice in decision-making, are interest and engage in their learning; accept responsibility; receive feedback and encouragement from their teachers and feel valued. In addition, teachers work together and share ideals, feel values and are given support to be immovable, employ teaching strategies that are varied and personalized to meet the needs of all learners. Other are that administrative and support staff word as valued partners with principals and teachers to ensure that students are supported in their learning and that school systems work effectively to support teaching and learning.

The school as a whole is committed to continuous improvement and forms learning partnership within and beyond the school. It develops plans and targets that address its goals, seeks feedback on its performance, uses data to reflect on its outcomes, reports openly and honestly and celebrate its achievement. It is known that an individual’s quality of life and the well being of the society depend on the quality of education. Pupil’s performance in primary leaving examination will greatly depend on the quality of education that pupils have gained in school.

Instructional materials are those materials that are being used by teachers to facilitate teaching and learning process. Some of these instructional materials are: print and non print materials. Print materials are any written materials that can aid the teacher in teaching: a typical example is a textbook. Non-print materials are those materials that the students can see: it includes pictures and posters chalkboard, and the  use of computers. In computer education, instructional materials are used by learner in teaching and learning process to bring novelty to the lesson by making to topics being taught interesting. In Ekiti State, the instructional materials are not readily available at the reach of the teachers, there by not making the teachers knowledgeable and resourceful enough to teach. Thus, arise, the need for improvisation. Improvisation is an act of using alternative materials locally made by the teacher, students or educational agency in a state of emergency as a substitute and supplement of standard equipment.

Improvisation in science teaching refers to the act of using alternative materials and resources to facilitate instruction whenever there is lack of shortage of some specific first hand teaching aids.

Basically, the computer system is made up of two main components namely hardware component, software components are basic computer accessories. The hardware component refer to the physical part of the computer that can be seen and touched which includes the input and output devices. Example include; monitor, keyboard, central processing unit (cpu), mouse, printer, scanner and diskette (Ezdiora, 2000). The software component is a step by step instruction given to a computer in order to perform a specific task. Examples are programs and application package (Alo, 2006). Computer accessories are other equipment attached to the computer system to enable it carry out its task effectively (Ogeh, 2007). Example includes batteries, cables and connectors, cleansing suppliers, keyboard drivers, monitor stand, power cord, uninterrupted power supply, mouse pad.

In computer education, both the hardware, software and basic computer accessories can be improved. (Igwe, 2005). The teacher should look for resources or materials beyond the classroom, for sole reliance on the inadequate instructional materials of the school will create undesirable class participation. According to Igwe (2005). The following component can be improvised for effective computer education in our schools.

Monitor: a monitor can be substituted using a carton squared shaped with the face of the carton covered with nylon materials to represent the screen of the monitor.

Keyboard: the keyboard can be substituted using carton, plywood, foam, small squared piece of carton sheet or cardboard paper to produce improvised keyboards. A foam is placed on a rectangle shaped plywood and the cut a cardboard sheet into squared small shaped to put them on the from each carrying numbers, alphabets and function to press to give input.

          Printer:  It can be substituted with the use of plywood or carton to produce a look alike with a standard printer.

Charts: this can be improvised by drawing on the chalkboard or on a cardboard sheet with the aid of using the pencil or master to make the drawing of the components of computer clearer to the students. All the components of computer can be draw on the chalk or blackboard to enhance better understanding of the concepts in computers in computer education to the students as well as improve their performance in computer examinations.

Judging, from the above improvisation act, we can conclude that lack of standard equipment is no excuse for not providing a suitable learning environment for computer education. The present researcher is not aware of any study concerned with the extent of improvisation of instructional materials for computer education in Ikere Ekiti local government area secondary school. Hence the need for the present study.

  • Statement of the Problem

It’s observed that classroom for the junior secondary classes are highly populated, moreso one (1) computer system was provided by the school to undergo the teaching and learning process of computer. Consequently, student’s performance in their previous years exams was very poor. This is in line with Igwe (1995) when he said that computer education cannot be effectively taught and learnt without the use of relevant instructional materials. The teaching task experience by teachers is very tedious and enormous so as to ensure that each student have experienced of computer in order for the specific objective to be achieved.

Thus: it is in the realization of these problems above that prompt me in this research “Teaching and learning of student in junior secondary school? Effect of improvised instructional materials in teaching of computer science. A case study of Ikere local government Ekiti State”.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

.  
Updated: August 28, 2017 — 8:59 pm

635 Comments

Add a Comment
  1. Very good written post. It will be supportive to anyone who utilizes it, including myself. Keep up the good work – looking forward to more posts.

  2. It is truly a great and useful piece of info. I am glad that you shared this useful information with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  3. Awsome article and straight to the point. I don’t know if this is really the best place to ask but do you people have any ideea where to employ some professional writers? Thank you 🙂

  4. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Very helpful info specially the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot. I was seeking this certain info for a very long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  5. Thanks a lot for sharing this with all folks you actually know what you are talking approximately! Bookmarked. Please additionally talk over with my web site =). We could have a hyperlink change arrangement between us!

  6. magnificent issues altogether, you just received a brand new reader. What would you suggest in regards to your submit that you made a few days ago? Any positive?

  7. Just wish to say your article is as amazing. The clarity in your post is just great and i can assume you are an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your RSS feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.

  8. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this information. Nowadays bloggers publish just about gossips and net and this is really irritating. A good site with exciting content, that is what I need. Thanks for keeping this web-site, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Cant find it.

  9. I just couldn’t go away your site before suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard information a person provide for your guests? Is going to be again continuously to check out new posts.

  10. Hiya, I am really glad I’ve found this info. Today bloggers publish just about gossips and net and this is actually irritating. A good blog with interesting content, this is what I need. Thanks for keeping this web-site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can’t find it.

  11. I gotta favorite this site it seems very helpful extremely helpful

  12. I was reading through some of your content on this website and I believe this site is rattling informative! Keep on posting.

  13. hi!,I really like your writing very a lot! percentage we keep in touch extra about your article on AOL? I require an expert in this house to solve my problem. Maybe that is you! Looking forward to look you.

  14. I will immediately clutch your rss as I can’t find your e-mail subscription link or newsletter service. Do you have any? Please allow me realize in order that I could subscribe. Thanks.

  15. Of course, what a great website and illuminating posts, I definitely will bookmark your website.All the Best!

  16. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article. I will be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.

  17. I would like to show my passion for your kindness for people that have the need for help on the question. Your special dedication to passing the message all through became pretty insightful and has without exception allowed guys like me to realize their objectives. The useful publication denotes this much a person like me and substantially more to my office colleagues. Many thanks; from everyone of us.

  18. I like what you guys are up also. Such smart work and reporting! Carry on the excellent works guys I¡¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my site 🙂

  19. Nice read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he actually bought me lunch because I found it for him smile So let me rephrase that: Thank you for lunch!

  20. Terrific work! That is the kind of information that are supposed to be shared across the internet. Disgrace on Google for now not positioning this post higher! Come on over and talk over with my website . Thank you =)

  21. Wow, superb blog structure! How long have you been running a blog for? you make running a blog glance easy. The overall look of your website is fantastic, let alone the content!

  22. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I find this topic to be really something which I think I would never understand. It seems too complicated and extremely broad for me. I’m looking forward for your next post, I’ll try to get the hang of it!

  23. I¡¦ve been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or blog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this site. Reading this information So i¡¦m satisfied to show that I’ve a very just right uncanny feeling I came upon exactly what I needed. I most for sure will make sure to do not forget this web site and provides it a glance on a constant basis.

  24. Hi there very nice website!! Guy .. Beautiful .. Superb .. I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds also¡KI am glad to seek out so many helpful info here within the post, we need develop extra strategies in this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .

  25. Hiya, I am really glad I’ve found this information. Today bloggers publish just about gossips and net and this is actually frustrating. A good site with interesting content, that is what I need. Thanks for keeping this web-site, I’ll be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can’t find it.

  26. Of course, what a fantastic website and enlightening posts, I will bookmark your blog.Best Regards!

  27. I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this site. Thank you, I¡¦ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your site?

  28. I was suggested this web site by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my difficulty. You’re incredible! Thanks!

  29. wonderful issues altogether, you just received a logo new reader. What could you suggest about your submit that you made a few days in the past? Any sure?

  30. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  31. I was just looking for this information for a while. After six hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your site. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that don’t rank this kind of informative websites in top of the list. Usually the top sites are full of garbage.

  32. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your website provided us with valuable information to work on. You have done an impressive job and our entire community will be thankful to you.

  33. Thank you a lot for sharing this with all of us you really recognize what you’re talking about! Bookmarked. Kindly also discuss with my website =). We could have a hyperlink alternate arrangement between us!

  34. fantastic issues altogether, you just received a new reader. What might you recommend in regards to your post that you simply made some days ago? Any positive?

  35. Very efficiently written story. It will be beneficial to anyone who utilizes it, including myself. Keep doing what you are doing – can’r wait to read more posts.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

jollertexcomputer-Academy Design By Prayertitus
DMCA (DISCLAIMER) | About Us | Contact Us | Payment Details
Translate »