BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
According to Waigboje (2001) explain that tie and dye has been in exist once right from the world go.
Once cannot really say when it started and who introduced the art. What is sure is that it can be traced back to the early man’s time (the Stone Age).
We learnt in history that the people at introduced that the people at the time we drawing and painting. It is what they introduced, that we are now training upon.
It has to do with pattern making and colours combination (mixing of different colours together to form attraction ones).
Waigboje (2002). An adage says variety is the spice of life and so there should be variation in pattern making and use of colours in order to create nice materials either for ourselves and people to buy in the market.
Glory be to God who has endowed us with beautiful colours.
If there had been no colour the world would have been a miserable place for people to live in because a colour is a sigh of happiness to human being.
Waigboje (2003).explain the tradition of tie and dye is common both in the northern and western parts of Nigeria, and up till now some people are still using it.
According to Olayemi (1998) explain that our fare fathers have tried a lot in the investigation, of the local dye. During their time they were aware of different colours around them.
They could see trees with beautiful flowers, the sky with its colours to mention and the rainbows with seven colour to mention a few. They did not known how to extract other colour expect the colour of the local dye (indigo blue).
Olayemi (1999), says we cannot do but to mention in the name of a great scientist “Isaac Neutan” who introduced colour spectrum in the seventeen century. It was then artist, scientist and psychologists started to carry out researcher on colours.
The colour spectrum simply means collection of various colours that are possible in life.
Everybody is now colour conscious especially women they want materials with beautiful colours that would match their body pigment.
This is what has led the artist to the designing of different patterns with different colours on materials sold in the market. Children also love bright colours and that is why their thing e.g. clothes, toys and others are made in bright colours.
Olayemi (2000) explain that before one can make a successful tie and dye these point about colour must clearly known. The colour are being divided into three main group’s primary secondary and tertiary colour. The primary colours which has red, blue and yellow that are mixed together to form secondary colour.
For example if red is added to blue it will give purple, yellow plus blue will give green, yellow plus red will give orange and black plus red will give brown, tertiary colour is combination of primary and secondary colour.
Tie and dye is also part of one dimensional art because it has only length and breath no depth it has been one of the most lucrative source of income for both young and old people in Nigeria today.
Waigboye (2004) Explain that Dyes are coloured chemical substances which can be bound to a fibred to alter the colour of that fibred. They previously coloured fibre assume their own colour rather. They will alter the colour for example a whit cloth will become yellow when dyed, blue cloth will become green when dyed on yellow dye.
There are different kinds of dyes divided into different classes. The classes are determined by the chemicals needed to activate the dyes and the method of preparing the dyes. The following as the dyeing process we have, house hold dye process, fibre reactive dyeing process. Napthol dye process, vat dye process and traditional dye process, other wise known as (indigo process).
Waigboje (2005). Says the process whereby certain areas of fabrics are prevented from dye is known as “Resist process”. These are various methods of doing it and some of the method is tie and dye.
Tie and dye: Resist is a process by which some areas of fabrics are tied with raffia or thread, to block the area from absorbing dye.
Stitch resist: Raffia or thread and needled are used to make stitches on fabric that have been folded somehow.
The dyeing process can be practiced as a hobby which means something one does for pleasure in ones leisure time.
It has gained ground among Nigeria and both men and women are making it for people to buy.
Waigboye (2006) explain that the introduction of tie and dye to student of College of Education Ikere Ekiti will help in the following ways.
A student who does have source of income he/she will find the meaning of life hood.
Student will be able to renovate their used material by changing their pattern colour.
They will known the correct method of tie and dye.
It serves as creativity for them.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The working student will be able to use their leisure time gainfully.
They will be able to renovate their used materials by changing their colour and pattern.
The poor ones among the student will have means of life hood.
They will known the correct method of tie and dyeing.
They will be aware that chemicals like caustic soda dangerous to human body.