- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The principal of school occupies a vital position in the school. He is an individual who has his own ways of carrying out his jobs.
He has his own way of perception communication, attitude to work, behavior and family background, personality and host of others which are not the same with the people that work with him or students in his/her school.
Human beings being what they are, as individual, so that leadership style of any secondary school principal will incidentally affect the performance of the students in the school both positively and negatively and it may result into high productivity or low productivity. As an extension of the home, the society is always very curious about what goes on in the school.
It is a fact one that major tasks of a principal in a school is to direct and control school activities in order to achieve the objectives of education in the country.
The extent of success of any leader depends on his subordinates’ willingness to co-operate with the leader. This eventually depends to a large extent on the degree of congruency between the principal’s leadership style and the subordinates’ expectations.
Lawler (1973) says “leadership style has an important influence on the organizations of effectiveness because it influences both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation as well as satisfaction, absenteeism and turnover”
Adamu (1998) also defined leadership “as influence, the art or process of influencing people so that they will strive willingly towards the achievement of group goals.
There is no doubt that it equally plays a crucial role in determining the kind of groups norms that will develop towards productivity.
The success or failure between productive in any organization is to a large extent or degree directly attributed to leadership style.
Many researchers try to find out what leadership style is the best because, it has not been resolved that a particular leadership style is universally accepted and when it is adopted in one school and things go on well, can the same system do well in another place. Also it has not been easy to agree on a particular leadership style because likeness of every individual tends to be different.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
It is true that various leadership styles exist. The type of leadership style the principals adopt affect the organization of the school.
The principal is the chief executive of the school. It is generally agreed that he is the leader of the school. His leadership is a critically factor in the success of the school in achieving its objectives.
It is obvious that the school principal can turn schools around making a substantial difference in the policies programmes and operations of the school”(Hipman and Itoch(1974).
The principal should be very firm in indicating the policy of the organization and the need to pursue the organization’s polcy and goals as vividly as possible. He is a good listener, understanding that people differ, aware that some people can perform one function exceedingly well but not another. The principal has been regarded as an executive, responsible for the organization and operation of a school. That is, he is a manager of relations, of time utilization, he helps the school to clarify its purposes. He helps supervise all the students performances, he make sure that the students co-operative with the staff of the school.
The principal therefore, organizes the efforts of the group to achieve a purpose.
Lippit and White (1966) conducted a research on classroom leadership style and their effects on behavior, their findings indicated that the different styles of leadership behaviours produce different social climates and different groups and individual behaviours.
The identified categories of relationship that may exist between the principal and students:
- The authoritarian leadership style.
- The laizzee-faire leadership style i.e. I don’t care stand within organization.
- The Democratic leadership style.
Hence this study tends to investigate principals leadership styles and their effects on students performance among secondary schools students in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
It is no exaggeration that education is the only industry that the people of Ondo State can successfully boast of and it is their belief that those who goes to school will normally lead those who do not. With this view every parent investigated much on education and normally the people who provide the resources to keep the school going like to feel the impact of the schools especially the images of the school and the performance of the students. But when performances are below expectation, the principal and teachers are always held responsible. The society failed to understand that the image of the school and the performance of the students may be direct effect of the principal’s leadership styles.
Many literatures point to the fact that the way and manner the leader handles his subordinates has some impact upon the subordinates’ behaviour.
It has also been established that no leadership style has been universally accepted.
Therefore, the purposes of the study are two fold;
- To examine the different types of leadership styles in selected secondary school in Akure South Local Government Area of Ondo State. 2. To study which leadership would be preferred by any particular groups of students in school and why?
- To examine the resultant effect of the leadership styles have on the performance of the students in the school. 4.To examine which one out of the leadership styles suit the realization of educational objectives.
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