jollertexcomputer-Academy

Get Your Project Materials

COLLEGE STUDENT’S PERCEPTION IN USING SMART PHONE IN THE TEACHING OF COMPUTER SCIENCE

       CHAPTER ONE

1.0                                                         INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study     

Present developments in the field of computer and communication technologies have opened tremendous opportunities for learning. The application of computers and information communication devices is a force to be reckoned with in modern education systems. With the advent of emerging mobile technologies the need to integrate mobile devices in learning is inevitable. Mobile learning emerges as a new progression based on the use of mobile devices together with wireless communications for teaching and learning purposes.

Mobile learning is the delivery of educational materials and learning contents through mobile technologies. Mobile technologies used in education

include mobile phones, smartphones, PDAs, MP3/MP4 players, e-book readers (e.g. Kindle), netbooks, tablets (e.g. iPad, Galaxy Tab), hybrid tablet/smartphone gadgets (e.g. Galaxy Note) and specialist portable technologies used in science laboratories.

The use of these mobile technologies in learning improves accessibility, efficiency and quality of learning by facilitating access to education resources and services. The capability of m-learning technologies to present learning materials, not only in text, but also graphics, video and sound, and easy access through many different devices further enhances the interest of the learners.

Mobile learning can take place anytime anywhere, including conventional learning environments such as university classrooms, lecture theatres, libraries, and even canteens as well as learners‟ homes, community locations, parks, and in public transport. Students can have access to lecture notes and assignments by using mobile technological devices. It involves connectivity of mobile devices for downloading, uploading, online working via wireless networks, mobile/ networks or both, and linking to university systems such as virtual learning environments (VLEs) and management information systems (MIS). It could also be in the form of mobile educational apps installed or pre-installed on certain mobile devices.

A focal point of m-learning is information sharing, which makes it possible for learners to interact with each other and share knowledge anytime. It therefore, promotes collaborative learning, extends learning beyond lecture theatres and diminishes barriers such as distance and space significantly. It can be made to support modern classroom learning tools as well as distance learning and e-learning, as a result of which lectures can be delivered in remote areas for the benefit of people across countries and continents.

A good implementation of mobile learning will complement and add value to existing formal learning, teaching, assessment and educational administration and management.

However, the impact of mobile learning in teaching and learning delivery has not been ascertained by university students in many developing countries such as Nigeria. This paper seeks to provide a broad assessment of the impact of mobile learning in Nigeria Higher Education Institutions and attempts to understand the effects of having lectures notes and slides on mobile devices on students learning tasks. To discover viable solutions, the paper will describe different research questions and survey activities carried out and results obtained from the study.

According to Dr. Robbie Melton, Associate Vice Chancellor, TBR eMobilization and Emerging Technology, mobilization offers educators an opportunity to deliver education “on demand and in students’ hands.” It is well documented that people carry their mobile devices, especially their phones, with them at all times. Infographic, 2010, reported that, “From the moment they wake up to the moment they go to bed, young people are constantly connected to their electronics, syncing their tablets and smartphones with all the latest updates that came in while they caught their precious shuteye. 83% of young people sleep next to their smart phones; 35% boot-up apps before getting out of bed; 40% use their devices in the bathroom; 70% of college students take notes on their mobile devices; 51% of people do online research as part of their job; 60% of TV viewers use a computer/mobile device at the same time; 50% of Americans prefer communicating to face-to-face conversation.”

Many research on m-learning have ascertained the acceptability and the potentials of using mobile devices in education, and the benefits of incorporating them in the classroom for collaborative learning and active student‟ participation. There are many studies that also discuss the effectiveness and integration of m-learning with classroom and e-learning. Reference state that mobile learning is one of the developing areas in teaching and learning, and it is getting more accepted with the improved accessibility and major enhancement in the capabilities of handheld devices in terms of processing speed, screen sizes, memory capacity, storage volume and network connectivity. The authors state that the use of these modern mobile devices falls in line with planned educational goals to improve students‟ study retention and achievement, support segregation of learning needs, and reach out to students who would not have use their mobile phones to participate in learning.

The effectiveness of m-learning, however, faces some constraints. Vogel 2009 listed the constraints in three dimensions which are the human dimensions (students and instructors), the design dimension (content and technologies), and the institutional dimension (universities, colleges and schools). The human dimensions include distractions, noise, differing comfort levels, and differing visibility levels. The design dimensions include small screen size, inadequate memory, short battery life, inadequate built-in functions and the complexity of adding applications. The institutional dimensions include network speed and connectivity, content and software application limitations.

Some scholars pointed out that m-learning can neither replace nor displace classroom or other learning approaches, but only complement and add value to the existing learning methods Sitthiworachart 2008, therefore, efforts should be directed at integrating m-learning with other learning methods. The integration of m-learning with classroom and e-learning is considered as a form of blended learning strategy. Blended learning as described by Kose 2010 combines classroom instruction with e-learning or m-learning to optimise the benefits of both face-to-face and online methods of education. Three techniques are used in integration of m-learning devices with mainstream of pedagogical instruments. An m-learning device can be a supportive tool, an instructional tool and an assessment tool. As a supportive tool, a mobile device can be used to support communication between learners and their instructors, as a file sharing mechanism, a discussion medium, as well as for information search. As an instructional tool, mobile device can be used by instructors to give learners e-books, educational content, and other learning materials.

Also learners, for example, can execute their learning tasks on mobile devices

Ktoridou et al 2005. Furthermore, an m-learning device can be used as a tool to evaluate students learning activities as an assessment tool. Above all, m-learning devices can be used to ease learning ICT modules, particularly in game programming.

In Nigerian Higher Education Institutions, much research have been carried out on m-learning and majority of studies are based on the implementation, prospects, possibilities and problems of m-learning in Nigeria.

Shonola and M.S. Joy 2014  discuss the acceptance and readiness to use mobile technology by the teachers as well as the learners as a critical factor determining the success rate of mobile learning implementation.

Okeke and Umoru 2012 state the possibilities and challenges of m-learning in Nigerian universities. The challenges they raised on m-learning devices includes small screens, tiny keyboard efficient input, high price, and limited computing capability and connectivity issues

Boyinbode and Akinyede 2008 indicate that m-learning is the gateway to e-learning for many Nigerian students and m-learning has already started to play a vital role in e-learning in Nigeria by bringing e-learning to the learners in rural communities. The research conducted shows that learners in Nigerian universities are well prepared for m-learning as they have acquired various types of mobile devices and demonstrated a high level of operational skills for successful implementation. They concluded that government and management in the education sector should concentrate on building substantial m-learning platforms in terms of authoring, publishing and content development.

1.2     Statement of the problem

In their view Boyinbode and Akinyede (2008), opined that a key benefit of Mobile learning in higher institution is the potential for increased productivity by making learning available anywhere anytime. In support Thomas Stone (2012) suggest that before embarking on Mobile learning initiative we must first ask the question why? The Why then becomes the statement of the problem, which has been identified as seeking a better and more convenient way of delivery content to students faster and easier within the campus environment. Attempts will be made to solve these problem statements during the cause of this study and proposed solutions for infrastructural challenges and high cost of implementation by allowing for stakeholders involvement we shall attempt to find out how mobile devices can increase participation from both ISP companies and Management staffs.

How to get complete project materials


Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details


NAME:                       TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK:                       FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO:                  3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE:       SAVINGS
AMOUNT:                  N2000

STEP 2: AFTER PAYMENT SEND THE PROJECT TOPIC AND YOUR EMAIL ADDRESS TO 08063666753

.  
Updated: August 18, 2017 — 8:39 am

673 Comments

Add a Comment
  1. Whats Happening i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve discovered It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads. I’m hoping to give a contribution & help other customers like its aided me. Good job.

  2. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  3. Thank you a bunch for sharing this with all of us you actually recognise what you’re talking approximately! Bookmarked. Please also visit my web site =). We may have a link alternate contract between us!

  4. I do accept as true with all the ideas you have presented to your post. They are really convincing and will definitely work. Nonetheless, the posts are very brief for newbies. May you please prolong them a little from subsequent time? Thank you for the post.

  5. I’ve been browsing on-line greater than three hours these days, but I by no means discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is lovely worth sufficient for me. In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you probably did, the internet will probably be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  6. I really wanted No chemicals, no 5 inches or even more of froth … on as well as on. Brentwood Finale is actually provided and afterwards I discovered they created a TwinXL bed in a box.

  7. I intended to post you a little bit of observation to finally say thanks once again for these incredible information you’ve provided on this site. It is quite extremely open-handed of people like you to offer publicly exactly what many individuals would have offered for sale for an e book to help with making some dough for themselves, most notably since you might have done it if you considered necessary. These suggestions likewise worked to be a fantastic way to comprehend most people have the identical passion just like my own to figure out a whole lot more with reference to this issue. I believe there are lots of more fun situations up front for individuals that see your website.

  8. I like what you guys are up too. Such intelligent work and reporting! Carry on the superb works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my site 🙂

  9. Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I’ll be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again soon!

  10. It¡¦s really a nice and useful piece of info. I¡¦m satisfied that you shared this helpful info with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thank you for sharing.

  11. I think other site proprietors should take this web site as an model, very clean and fantastic user genial style and design, as well as the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  12. Thank you for every other informative site. Where else may I get that type of information written in such a perfect approach? I’ve a mission that I am simply now running on, and I have been at the look out for such info.

  13. Helpful information. Lucky me I discovered your web site by chance, and I’m shocked why this coincidence did not happened earlier! I bookmarked it.

  14. fantastic submit, very informative. I ponder why the opposite specialists of this sector do not understand this. You should proceed your writing. I am sure, you have a great readers’ base already!

  15. I think other web site proprietors should take this site as an model, very clean and fantastic user genial style and design, as well as the content. You are an expert in this topic!

  16. Thanks a lot for giving everyone an extraordinarily superb opportunity to read in detail from here. It can be very nice and as well , jam-packed with a great time for me and my office co-workers to search your site at least three times per week to find out the fresh things you have. And indeed, I’m also certainly fulfilled with the breathtaking tactics you serve. Certain 2 facts on this page are ultimately the most impressive we have all ever had.

  17. I¡¦ve recently started a blog, the information you offer on this site has helped me tremendously. Thank you for all of your time & work.

  18. Hi, i think that i saw you visited my weblog thus i came to “return the favor”.I’m attempting to find things to improve my website!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  19. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  20. I must get across my appreciation for your generosity for men who should have assistance with this particular concept. Your special commitment to passing the message along was really helpful and have constantly enabled people just like me to achieve their desired goals. Your own valuable advice means a whole lot to me and further more to my peers. Thanks a lot; from everyone of us.

  21. I think this is among the most vital information for me. And i’m glad reading your article. But wanna remark on some general things, The website style is great, the articles is really excellent : D. Good job, cheers

  22. As a Newbie, I am continuously searching online for articles that can help me. Thank you

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

jollertexcomputer-Academy Design By Prayertitus
DMCA (DISCLAIMER) | About Us | Contact Us | Payment Details
Translate »