Background of the Study
It is common experience all over Nigeria to hear parents say my children must become lawyers, doctors, engineers, accountant e.t.c. This is a good ambition and it shows how much interest the parent have in their children’s welfare and future careers e.t.c.
The basic for this type of concern shown by parent for their children’s welfare and future careers might not be unconnected with society values. We rarely find any parent who could say “I wish my child to become a driver, a farmer, a teacher, a carpenter, bricklayer or any jobs which require the use of hands and physical strength”.
The society also believes that certain jobs or careers are more prestigious and more lucrative than others, thus the need for parents to start influencing their children directly on the type of subject they should offer at primary school level so that they may get admitted into the pupils schools or other institutions of higher learning. It has also been observed by these investigators that those parents have little or no knowledge of the consequence of not allowing their children free hands to choose their subject based on interest and ability.
If these children are left alone, there is a high probability that they will choose career for which they are suited. The reason for the failure of such parents to realize the possible negative effects of their actions may be due to their ignorance of the factors that influence and so on.
There is also lack of recognition of individual difference by the parents who insists that their children should take to careers of their (parents) choice.
Malcon (1976) noted that it is obvious that student differed in what they like and in what most s appropriate for them. This reinforce the view that individual differences should not be overlooked when choosing subjects that may likely determined his or her failure careers. The pupils a times you see pupils choosing some careers just because their friends choose the same career, choosing subject and future career for the pupils should be the joint responsibility of the career guidance counselor, the teacher, the parents and the pupils.
Malcon (1976) stated that serious explanation with pupils in which they describe reactions to particular subjects, how they master different of subject matter and that difficulties they have with individual topics would reveal much that is of interest to the teacher and the parents.
The need to produce indigenous scientists, medical doctors, teachers, and accountants e.t.c. is good for any developing nation; Nigeria being one cannot afford to indulge in a situation whereby the brain are being gradually allowed to decay due to lack of adequate educational system. The primary school level with a view to choosing relevant future career, therefore, it should be carefully watched so that no permanent injury is allowed on the act of adolescent.
It is therefore necessary to probe into the factor influencing choice of vocation and what roles do the parents and their occupation play in children’s choice of future career.
According to Okeke (19730) relevant choice of science subject can provide a solution to Nigerian social, economic and political problems.
Akpan (1980) state among other things that Nigeria is one of the nation in the developing world with highest rate of development. According to him, there is the need to develop our technology to tap our natural resources and build our nation by ourselves. Thus laudable goal will continue to elude us expect conscious effort are made to guide pupils in choosing appropriate subjects that will meet their future career aspirations.
The current whereby pupils choose subjects at random make them “jack of all trades but of none”, and only to meet or satisfy with requirement does not argue well for scientific and technological development, he (Akpan) concluded it is in view of this that the investigators believes that this type of study is important bearing in mind that a great number of parent usually want their children to take up certain professions or the other without any regard to the intellectual ability of the children and interest in much careers.
The above observation is supported by findings conducted by Olayinka (1973) as some youth in Lagos. In his finding, the discovered that more than 30% of the pupils in his sample consulted their parents on the choice of jobs. When one observes that pupils sometimes move from one career to another one may be correct to assume that this could be done to the interference of parents and others such as friends and teachers.
Ejoh (1978) also observed that many pupils in our schools are plague which emotional problems. Lack of knowledge of the educational aptitude and ignorance of their own best interest, potentials have resulted in wrong choice of courses, poor academic performance and high dropout rate in schools.
A lot of work has been done on the factors influencing choice of careers by primary school pupils in the past and a lot still remain to be done. But most significant omission made by past researchers is that even though parents and their occupations constitude unique factor yet to be the best of the writer’s knowledge, no effort has been made to examine critically its influence on the pupil’s choice of future career in Nigeria. It was for this that the investigators decided to work on the on the present study.
Furthermore the recent performance in school? It is obvious that if a student make the mistake of choosing a career for which he does not have aptitude or ability, the result would definitely be frustrating. Furthermore, an examination of primary leaving results reveals consistent poor performance in certain subject areas. Yet, it is interesting to notice that inspite of these, pupils still persist in the choice of these object, would this persistence be the result of the parental pressure?
The present study therefore hopes to find out the extent to which parents influence their children choice of subject and future career.
Statement of the Problem
Despite the career information now available on the economic benefit of various vocations, the setting up of guidance and counseling services in schools, one still observes that pupils of primary schools are somehow influenced by their homes in the choice of subjects and vocations. This is demonstrated by career education passed from parents to their children with the hope of making them take after them in the choice of vocations of career.
This is the more reason why primary school pupils prefer to take the professions like medical doctor, engineering and accountancy because such professions are regarded as rewarding or prestigious.
Furthermore, apart from regarding some professions as lucrative by parents they also take every step possible to make sure that their children do not go into professions like messenger, motor mechanic, labourer and the likes.
Therefore, the problem to be investigated however is the influence of parents and their occupation on vocation aspirations of primary school pupils in Ikere-Ekiti Local Government Area of Ekiti State.