TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of Contents vi-viii
1.1 Background of the Study
1.2 Statement of the Problem
1.3 Purpose of the Study
1.4 Research Questions
1.6 Significance of the study
1.7 Scope and Limitation of the study
1.8 Delimitation of the Study
1.9 Definition of terms
Concept of Computer Education
Attitude of Student towards Learning of Computer.
Problems of Teaching and Learning of Computer.
The Role of Government in the Implementation of Computer.
The Need for Computer Education in Nigeria Secondary Schools
ICT Application in Nigerian Secondary Schools.
Extent of Computer Literacy Among Secondary School Science Teachers
Computer Literacy And Teacher job Effectiveness Among Secondary School Teachers
Computer Application in the Classroom
Area of the Study
Population of the study
Sampling and Sampling Techniques
Instruments for Data Collection
Validation of the Instrument
Reliability of instrument
Administration of Research Instrument
RESULT AND DISCUSSION
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
This study investigate the extent of computer literacy among science secondary school teacher in Ise/Orun Local Government Area of Ekiti State. It focuses on teachers competency on the use of computer. Computer is one of the subjects required for any technology development of any nation today. The population for this study consisted of 100 respondents in the selected secondary school. The project was carried out in Ise/Orun Local Government Area of Ekiti State as case study using five (5) junior secondary schools. The students questionnaire was divided into two section. Section “A” was designed for personal data of the teachers. Section ‘B’ contain question to be treated, fifteen questions were constructed in section B. It has made the researcher to visit many schools, students to elicit information from them about the teachers literacy. Based on the findings, the researcher recommended that trained and specialized teacher should be employed so as to have necessary achievement.
Background of Study
Computer is an electronic machine capable of inputting, processing, and outputting data based on a logic supply. Computer literacy is the ability to identify and operate the software and hardware of a computer so as to achieve a desired goal. The committee on the National Policy on Computer Education (NERC, 1998) recommended the procurement of at least one computer for a school’s administration (Lawal, 1997). Principals, vice-principals’, and teaching personnel are faced with a tedious task of keeping the students attendance, record books, cumulative report cards, and students performance in cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains (Emerson, 1989). Computer technology plays a key role in nearly every aspect of life in assisting education programs and in preparing students to become full participants in the 21st century (LAC, 2014). The Literacy Assistance Center’s (LAC) instructional technology initiative offer resources for integrating technology into the classroom (e-learning). When the computer is properly used, information holds great promise to improve teaching-learning activities Samuel and Ede (2005). Also, in the rapidly changing world of global market competition, automation, and increasing democratization, basic computer education is necessary for individuals to have the capacity and capability to access and apply information for development (Flectcher and Deeds, 1994; Oetting, 1983; Russel ,1995).
Audio in Goggle (2010) defined the world “extent” as the distance or area volume over which something extents. Another text by NDINECHI (2001) explains (extent” as a length or range of particular thing. In opinion of Ezeudo (2003) the term “extent” is a degree of a particular something. In present researchers “view” the world “extent” could be defined as how far or the degree of computer literacy among secondary school science teachers.
According to Iloanusi (2008) the term “computer” is an electronic device that is capable of accepting, storing and processing data will; great speed an of according to give out information as output. Another text by NWOSU (2001) uefined “computer” a device or machine that accept data, process data, stores data and produce result.
Amakan(2007) sees the world “computer” as a device or machine that under program control performs asthmatic and logical operation without human Intervention. The present researchers believe that “computer” is a very fast electronic processing machine that has strong capabilities, which can perform either in numbers and symbols. Information can be stored and retained, the common feature in all the definition is that the computer Is machine that receive input treats and releases them required to note some. It is also necessary to note some important of computer as enumerated by Okolo (2007) He said that computer has assumed unimaginable dimensions, it is used as a guild to the learner through a course of institution at videos displaying unit in such a manner that will facilitate the understanding of the subject matter. It helps to speed up the students learning process. He further commented on computer having other applications in education in area like W.A.E.C. N.E.C.O. J.A.M.B so on. They make use of computer in marking multiple-choice examination papers.
From the contribution of Iloanusi (2008) computer are useful for storing information about crimes, criminals and suspects. He said it could be very useful in crime detection and prevention. Such system can be interfaced with photograph capturing and finger print system. OKOR1E (2008) in his own opinion said that the use of computer makes data into a very small storage space. Information storage and retrieval are speeded up and computer records an easily be up-dated as the need arises. In these researchers point of “view” the impacts of computer in virtually every sphere of human endeavor are enormous, from the interaction we had with P.H.B. Bank manager (2010), we found out that computers plays a vital role in bank for keeping all the data and information of customers and equally used for operation of automatic teller machine (A.T.M). These researchers also hid a chat with the doctor of railway crossing hospital (2010), we further found out that computer plays a tremendous role in health care delving, doctors used computer for diagnosis, perform surgical procedures and keep up with rapid changes in medicine. In fact the importance of computer in our society cannot be over-emphasized.
Ozo (2005) sees the phrase “computer literacy” as knowledge about computer software and hardware knowing what they are what they can do and what they cannot do, how they are put to work and how their uses can affect the society and your profession. In the opinion of Wikipedia(2010) “computer literacy” is knowledge and ability to use computer and technology efficiently.
Ajaja(2010) explains “computer literacy” as an understanding of the concept terminology and operation that relate to general computer use. Another text by Aneka (2005) defined “computer literacy” as comfort levels someone has with using computer programs and other application that are associate with computers. These researchers believe that computer literacy individual is a person that has basic knowledge in all aspect of computer: such as area of computer application, how to use Microsoft world, how to use Microsoft excel, how to use Microsoft access, how to use Microsoft power point, how to create E-mail address using Internet.
According to oxford dictionary 6th edition (2005) the phrase “secondary school” is for young people between the ages of 11, 16 and L3. In the opinion of California (2009) “secondary school” is a school that is intermediate in level between elementary school and college and that usually offer general technical. From Encarta dictionary 7th edition (2004) “secondary school” is a school for students who have completed their education, usually attended by children in grades 7 to 12. In the contribution of the researchers “secondary school” is a school where people who have obtained first school leaving certificate and common entrance attend to attain more education. It is also the third step in educational process “secondary school” is classified into three namely private, adults and public secondary schools.
The present research is basically o public schools in Enugu north local government area. We further found out that in Nigeria a secondary school consists of two levels this research in how ever interested in senior secondary schools to find out the extent of computer literacy among science- teacher in Enugu north local government area. Sheehan(2005) defined the phrase “science teacher” as somebody or a person who teaches science.
According to Wipekidia (2004) “science teacher” are those teacher that teach science subject with full knowledge of experiments. Oxford dictionary 6th edition (2005) sees “science teacher” as teachers who have basic knowledge about the structure and behaviour of natural and physical world based on the facts they can prove it. In the opinion of these researchers “science teachers” are teachers that have basic knowledge about all the science subjects: such as mathematics, biology, computer science, chemistry, physics etc. that can be proved in standard way but trained or specialized in any of these science subjects.
Akusoba (2000) defined “computer science teacher” as those teachers that can be able to use computer very well and teach it effectively. Another text by Oluyide (2008) sees the phrase “computer science teacher” as those teachers that have basic knowledge of the concept, terminology and operation that relate to general computer use.
From the contribution of Sheesha (2010) “computer science teachers” are those teachers that have basic knowledge in discipline of spans theory and practical that required thinking both in abstracts terms and in concrete terms. From these researchers point of view, “computer science teachers” are those teachers that have basic knowledge and ability to use computer technology effectively.
Statement of the problem
The world has totally become computer age and the entire globe has become a global village through the explosion of application of computer. One can easily read from the background of this study that computer and computer science. Its uses an application software have impacted tremendously on all human endeavors today -education, medicine, military, politics, agriculture, religion, business and so on. This means that for anybody or any cooperate body to function effectively and efficiently in any field of human endeavor today, computer literacy is a basic necessity more so for science teacher to properly deliver in different field of specialization in today computer age. Computer literacy is a must for all.
The questions that agitate the minds now are to what extent are science teacher versed in the knowledge of this electronic device called computer? How much of its uses and application software are know or simply put, to what extent are they computer literate? Then, these researchers set out to find out the level or degree of computer literacy possesses by science teachers of secondary school in Ise Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria.