jollertexcomputer-Academy

Get Your Project Materials

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF TEACHER AND SCHOOL FACTORS AS A PREDICTOR OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN CHEMISTRY IN ILE-OLUJI IKEIGBO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ONDO STATE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

Science and technology have long been recognized as instruments per excellent for nation building and every country today craves for development  Nwagbo (2000), Okpara (2004), Abbas (2007).

Nigeria, like the other nations in the world depends on what science, technology and mathematics could offer for her national development. Shinho (2004),  Adeyegbe (2005), Ajewole (2005).

Her national objectives, as stated in the national policy on education federal ministry of education (1995), are geared towards self realization, better human relationship, individual and national utility as well as towards social, cultural, economics, political, scientific and technological growth. To accomplish these objectives, it is stated in section 10 of the policy that federal and state governments shall maintain and adequately fund the inspectorate and education. Indeed, the relevance of science to national goals, aspirations and economy dictates, to a large extent, the huge commitment and support which most nations make and give to science and technological development Olagunju (2003).

The enviable position which science education system of most countries of the world occupies, including Nigeria is perhaps justifiable. The reason is that science can exert a dominant, if not decisive influence on the life of individual as well as on the developmental effort of a nation (Emovon, 1985).

The universal recognition of the above submission is responsible for the prime position that has been accorded science and in particular, chemistry worldwide, within the context of science, chemistry which is a branch of pure science is introduced into the curriculum content of secondary schools because of its educational value, relevant to the need of the individual learner and society as a whole Ogunleye (1999). Chemistry is a human endeavour that relies on basic qualities like activity, weight, recording and skills Banya (2005).

Chemistry is commonly viewed as the “center science” as mastery of its concepts regarding the structure of matter is prerequisite to further study in all sciences.

Despite the importance of chemistry to mankind and the efforts of researchers to improve no its teaching and learning, the achievement of student in the subject remains low in Nigeria.

Among the factors that have been identified outcomes in chemistry are, poor methods of instruction Osuafor (1999) teacher’s attitude Agbadiuno (1992), laboratory in-adequacy Okegbile (1996), Raimi (1998), Bajah (1999) and Adeyegbe (2005) and poor science background (Oshokoya 1998) and Adesoji (1999).

Papanastasiou (2001) reported that those who have positive attitude towards science tend to perform better in the subject. The affective behaviours on the classroom and strongly related to achievement, and science attitudes are learned (George and Kaplan, 1998). The teachers play a significant role during the learning process and they can directly or indirectly influence the student’s achievement.

The school and teacher’s factors which influence the achievement of students in chemistry according to Ajayi (2001) and Oluchukwu (2000) are the classroom, libraries, quality and quantity of chemistry teachers, the availability or non availability of facilities, teaching aids school management, teaching methods, environment and the location of the school.

These school factor remain important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance student performance in chemistry.

In essence, chemistry performs the function of gate keeper for the future study of both pure and applied science, medicine, pharmacy, engineering, agricultural and all other professions at the secondary school level.

In another dimension, there are consistent reports in literature as regards students’ performance in science in senior secondary school in Nigeria. Afuwape (2004).

Also, many new curriculum projects such as chemistry study, elementary science study (ELSS) and science curriculum improvement study (SCIS) were developed and accomplished through the close collaboration of teachers and scientists, aimed at revamping the quality of science education and supporting student’ science learning with good curriculum materials with a high level of science content and disciplinary knowledge Shinho (2004). Therefore to remain relevant in the society around us and also to be part of the development of new technologies, science students should be competent at mastering the necessary concepts and skills and they should be able to translate them to everyday living.

Despite the introduction of new curricular Shinbo and Ogini (2012) believes that general level of performance of students in the subject is still not good enough Oginni, (2012).

The selected factors therefore include school location, school type, laboratory adequacy and frequency of practical classes.

The issue of poor performance of students in chemistry in Nigeria secondary schools has been of much concern to the government, parents and even students themselves. The quality of chemistry do not only depends on the teacher as reflected in the performance of their duties, but also in the effective coordination of the school factors Ajao (2001).

The school factors includes instructional spaces planning, administrative places planning, teaching methods, location, availability of qualify teachers, school programme, facilities and as well as the students themselves are essential in teaching learning process.

According to Williams, Persuade and Turner (2008), the extent to which student learning chemistry could be enhanced depends on their location which the school compounds the structure of their classroom, availability of instructional facilities and accessories. It is believed that a well-planned school will gear up expected outcomes of education that will facilitates good social, political and economic emancipation, effective teaching and learning process and that of chemistry performance of the students.

Glassman (1994), asserting that the physical characteristics of the school have a variety of effects on teachers, students and the learning process. Poor lighting, noise, high levels of carbon(iv)oxide in classrooms and inconsistent temperatures make teaching and learning difficult. Poor maintenance and ineffective use of school facilities and teaching aids among school students and teachers lead to poor performance in the teaching and learning chemistry in our secondary schools in Nigeria.

Beyond the direct effects that poor facilities have on student ability to learn, then combined with frustrating behaviour by students including poor concentration which creates a stressful, set of working conditions for lowered teacher enthusiasm, it is possible that the afore mentioned characteristics of school factors has an influence on the achievement of student in chemistry. The importance of the above school factors is enormous as succinctly put by Strain (2003) the success in chemistry learning is dependent not only on the quality and intensity of instruction and absence of impediments to learning, but also on the make up of the teacher methods and materials.

Similarly, Okeye (2001), posited that, teachers are the hubs of any education system and determine the success of any education system.

Updated: June 24, 2017 — 8:23 pm

386 Comments

Add a Comment
  1. I have been surfing online more than three hours as of late, but I never found any fascinating article like yours. It is pretty worth sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made just right content material as you did, the web will be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  2. I simply couldn’t leave your website prior to suggesting that I extremely loved the usual information an individual provide on your visitors? Is gonna be back incessantly to check up on new posts.

  3. whoah this blog is wonderful i really like reading your posts. Stay up the good work! You understand, many people are looking around for this info, you could help them greatly.

  4. Your writing taste was astounded me. Thank you, very nice article.

  5. Undeniably believe that which you stated. Your favorite reason appeared to be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly get annoyed while people think about worries that they just don’t know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top as well as defined out the whole thing without having side-effects , people can take a signal. Will likely be back to get more. Thanks

  6. Great beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend your site, how can i subscribe for a blog site? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept

  7. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble. You’re wonderful! Thanks!

  8. hey there and thank you for your info – I have definitely picked up something new from right here. I did however expertise a few technical issues using this site, as I experienced to reload the web site a lot of times previous to I could get it to load properly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK? Not that I’m complaining, but slow loading instances times will very frequently affect your placement in google and could damage your high-quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my e-mail and could look out for much more of your respective interesting content. Make sure you update this again soon..

  9. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me and my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such magnificent info being shared freely out there.

  10. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this info. Today bloggers publish only about gossips and internet and this is really frustrating. A good website with exciting content, that’s what I need. Thank you for keeping this site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can’t find it.

  11. Thanks for the sensible critique. Me & my neighbor were just preparing to do some research on this. We got a grab a book from our local library but I think I learned more from this post. I’m very glad to see such magnificent info being shared freely out there.

  12. hello!,I love your writing so a lot! share we keep in touch more approximately your post on AOL? I need an expert in this area to solve my problem. Maybe that’s you! Looking ahead to peer you.

  13. Only wanna remark on few general things, The website layout is perfect, the articles is rattling good : D.

  14. Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your site is so cool. I’m impressed by the details that you have on this web site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched everywhere and just couldn’t come across. What a perfect website.

  15. I haven’t checked in here for a while because I thought it was getting boring, but the last few posts are good quality so I guess I’ll add you back to my daily bloglist. You deserve it my friend 🙂

  16. Keep functioning ,remarkable job!

  17. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my blog so i came to “return the favor”.I am trying to find things to enhance my web site!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  18. Whats Taking place i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It absolutely helpful and it has helped me out loads. I am hoping to contribute & assist different customers like its helped me. Good job.

  19. I have been browsing online more than 3 hours nowadays, but I never discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours. It is lovely worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made just right content as you did, the web can be a lot more helpful than ever before.

  20. This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I’ve joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your excellent post. Also, I’ve shared your web site in my social networks!

  21. I am not sure where you’re getting your information, but great topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for great information I was looking for this info for my mission.

  22. Wow! Thank you! I continually needed to write on my website something like that. Can I take a fragment of your post to my blog?

  23. I like the valuable info you provide in your articles. I will bookmark your blog and check again here regularly. I’m quite certain I will learn plenty of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  24. Whats up very nice blog!! Man .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your site and take the feeds additionally¡KI am glad to seek out numerous useful information right here within the post, we’d like work out extra strategies in this regard, thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  25. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again since exactly the same nearly very often inside case you shield this hike.

  26. I was suggested this blog by my cousin. I’m not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my difficulty. You are wonderful! Thanks!

  27. Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was a amusement account it. Look advanced to more added agreeable from you! By the way, how could we communicate?

  28. I happen to be commenting to let you know of the really good discovery our princess gained using your webblog. She mastered such a lot of details, which include what it is like to possess an excellent coaching nature to have folks with no trouble thoroughly grasp several very confusing topics. You really did more than readers’ expectations. Thank you for producing such productive, healthy, revealing and in addition fun guidance on your topic to Gloria.

  29. I’m still learning from you, but I’m making my way to the top as well. I definitely liked reading all that is posted on your blog.Keep the tips coming. I enjoyed it!

  30. I really wanted to jot down a message so as to say thanks to you for these awesome items you are posting on this website. My considerable internet search has at the end been paid with high-quality facts to exchange with my friends. I ‘d mention that many of us site visitors actually are very much lucky to live in a fantastic network with many marvellous individuals with good ideas. I feel very happy to have discovered your entire website page and look forward to really more brilliant moments reading here. Thanks once again for all the details.

  31. You made some nice points there. I did a search on the subject and found most individuals will approve with your site.

  32. What i do not realize is in truth how you’re now not really a lot more smartly-appreciated than you might be now. You’re so intelligent. You recognize thus significantly in relation to this matter, produced me in my opinion consider it from so many numerous angles. Its like men and women aren’t interested unless it is one thing to do with Woman gaga! Your personal stuffs excellent. Always handle it up!

  33. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I don’t know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you aren’t already 😉 Cheers!

  34. great issues altogether, you just won a new reader. What would you suggest about your submit that you made a few days in the past? Any positive?

  35. Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out much. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me.

  36. I wished No chemicals, no 5 inches or even additional of froth … repeatedly. Brentwood Finale is actually provided and after that I uncovered they made a TwinXL bedroom in a container.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

jollertexcomputer-Academy Design By Prayertitus
DMCA (DISCLAIMER) | About Us | Contact Us | Payment Details
Translate »