In contemporary Nigeria education is looked upon as long term investment by the state for its continue existence preservation of its cultural values and the improvement of its society .
Abdukareem(1989)define education as the acquisition of appropriate knowledge, attitudes, ability skills competent and Islamic virtues so that the recipient and have a balance growth and development of this total personality to live a successful life.
Fafuwa A.A (1974) define education as the aggregate of all the process of which a child or young adult develops the abilities, attitudes and other forms of behaviour of positive values to the society which he lives.
Education should be seen as a process of not only impacting specific skills and knowledge but also inducing the child into norms and values of the culture.
Due to the general economics situation in Nigeria today, it can be asserted without fear of contradiction that illiteracy and ignorance are obstacles towards parents educating their girls or daughter. However, some parents instead of sending their daughters to school will prefer to send them to learn trade or get them married at tender ages. The effects of this are too obvious to need elaboration.
Much has been said about education: yet much will still be said about education especially as it concerns women education.
The education of women, until recently has not received favourable consideration form most culture in Nigeria. This is because of the influence of culture on the people as could observed in most states of the federation.
In Nigeria, most communities until recently did not encourage the education of women, and this is accounted for by the way parents view the education of their female children.
To them, any educated woman would end up being someone else’s wife, and therefore would be more useful to her husband than to her parents. Because of this, why waste the available resources of their education?
Even now, because of ignorance, it is still difficult to convince many parents to send their daughters to school. The situation is even made worse by the religious beliefs and expectation of women in some communities where a woman is expected to be married within a certain age bracket.
Primary education is now virtually free yet many parents are not responding to this opportunity to send their children to school, especially their daughters.
It is against the foregoing scenario that the researcher tries to find out if the foregoing obstacles to girls child education are also applicable in Ilawe local government Area of Ekiti State in a preliminary research carried out in oniwe comprehensive high school and Ilawe grammar school, it was observed that out of 100 students in J.S.S. III, 65 were boys while 55 were girls.
It is based on this information that the researcher assumes that the factors mentioned above may influence the attitudes of parents in Ilawe local government area towards sending their female children to school.