Background of the Study
Owolabi (2004) sees Education as the primary agent of transformation towards sustainable development. It increases people’s capacities to transform their visions for society into reality. All countries strive for quality education for their sustainable development. The federal government of Nigeria had adopted education as an instrument per excellence for effecting national development. If education has be adopted as the only tool that can solve the socio-economic problems of Nigeria, then the adequate supply of effective teaching becomes the core of the educational and the quality of teachers.
This view is adequately reflected in the national policy on education in section 9.59 on the purpose of teacher education on that, teacher education will continue to be given a major emphasis in all educational planning because no education system can rise above the quality of its teachers. Oyebode, M.O.T. (2006).
National policy on n education which sees biology as one of the “vehicles” of science and technology. This notion was stressed by Fakuade (1976) when opined that “it is a fortiori that excellence in the knowledge and use biology is an essential factors in the development programme of any nation of the world.
Even though biology is an elective subject, the standard of student performance in the subject have been on yearly decline. Many schools certificate student become victim of examination disappointment and academics frustration. This problem, no doubt, is a powerful factor against student career choice especially in a country that place great emphasis on paper qualification and certification.
In recent days, many attempts have been made to find out, why student fail biology in their terminals examination. The failure of students in biology in the secondary schools has reached an alarming proportion such that Ike (1977) while speaking on Quality of Education in our secondary schools” had to deplore the standard of the Education in counts. This he did while delivering a lecture to the annual conference of the principals of the secondary schools in the Nigeria (ANCOPSS).
Recently, there was lack of science teacher in Ekiti state especially in biology, there came also the needs for teachers to teach, but unfortunately the number of qualified teachers available were just not enough and this led to an influx of less qualified or non qualified teachers in schools to teach biology Ojo (1986) therefore lamented over low employment of biology teachers in secondary Education Grabble (1974) attributed the lack of effective teaching in schools to the shortage of qualified teachers, experience and over-loading the few qualified ones with volume of work. Though, Armstrong (1968) further stressed and cautioned that “study is hard work and before “the gate of academics excellence, higher goals have replaced sweat”, study may therefore be described as a determined purposeful pattern geared towards learning.
Many more factors apart from teachers’ qualification and the volume of work undertaken have been identified by researchers as the causes of the mass failure of student in Biology. For example oshiodu (1975), Adedeji (1991) opined some of the reasons attributed to low performance in biology in secondary schools are the poor methodology by the teacher, poor study habits, home background, sex differences, facilities in the school, and a host of them.
However since teacher’s qualification, experience have direct relation to the performance of student biology hence it must not be overlooked.
How to get complete project materials
Step 1: make payment of N2,000 to the below bank details
NAME: TITUS AYANI SOLA
BANK: FIRST BANK PLC
ACCT NO: 3111741042
ACCOUNT TYPE: SAVINGS