Background of the study
Most of the governments of the world spend most of their budget on resource inputs in the Education sector. They make decisions about providing resources inputs to enhance student achievement and performance.
However, not all these decisions are easy to take especially in Nigeria where mismanagement makes the problem more adverse. Resources are scarce, especially in low income countries; policy makers can ill afford errors in the choice of allocations. To reduce the scope for mistakes, the true picture of the determinants of Education outcome is desirable.
The Government has introduced Education Sector Reforms (ESR) and National Plan of Action (2001- 2015) for the improvement of quality of Education through improving the states of various recourse inputs like revision of curricula, teacher training and provision of better facilities in the public sector schools.
Tertiary schools not only occupy a strategic place in the educational system in Nigeria, it is also the vital stage of Education for productivity and increase of Labour. According to Asikhai (2010), education at secondary school level is supposed to be the bedrock and the foundation towards higher knowledge in tertiary institutions. It is an investment as well as an instrument that can be used to achieve a more rapid economic, social, political, technological, scientific and cultural development in a country. It is rather unfortunate that the secondary schools today are not measuring up to standard expected of them. There has been public outcry over the persistently poor performance of secondary school students in public examinations.