Background of the Study
Mathematics is an indispensable tool in the development of science and technology in the sense that formulation, computing, calculation, evaluation among others are the important methodologies applied in them (Cockcroft, 1982; Saitoti, 2000). Advances in science and technology improve the quality of life of mankind. Mathematics equips students with uniquely powerful set of tools to understand and change the world. Mathematics is an essential and compulsory subject.
Mathematics is one of the foundations of computer sciences. It’s also one of the more crucial elements in computer sciences. So how is mathematics really applied in computer science? Despite advanced mathematics not applied frequently, basic mathematics, most importantly algebra, is the main ingredient for a successful computer scientist.
Mathematics is the science that draws necessary conclusions and also the manipulation of the meaningless symbols of a first order language according to explicit, syntactical rules. Advanced mathematics is widely used, but often in an unseen and unadvertised way. Mathematics is regarded as the key to all science and technology subject, without a good foundation in Mathematics student would not be able to do well in science and technology. It is very important to note that boys and girls in secondary school usually run away from Mathematics classes without any regard for its being a compulsory subject.
Also Mathematics is a creation of the human mind concerns primarily with ideas process and reasoning. Thus Mathematics is more than arithmetic, the science of numbers and computation, more than algebra, the language of symbols and relations more than geometry, the study of shapes, sizes and space.
It is greater than numerical trigonometry, which is the study of the relationship between the size of any triangles and the angles. It is more than statistics and the science of the collections, presentation analysis and interpretation of data and graph. It is more than calculus the study of change, infinity and limits so mathematics is one of core, subjects in both secondary and foundation on which all science subject and technology stand.
Many of the functions and operators in all computer programing languages require some knowledge of Mathematics. For example, these operators include arithmetic, comparison, logical, assignment and conditional operators. All of the aforementioned tasks need mathematics for them to be used and properly applied, especially the arithmetic and conditional operators.
Computer science is the scientific and practical approach to computation and its applications. It is the systematic study of the feasibility, structure, expression, and mechanization of the methodical procedures (or algorithms) that underlie the acquisition, representation, processing, storage, communication of, and access to information. An alternate, more succinct definition of computer science is the study of automating algorithmic processes that scale. A computer scientist specializes in the theory of computation and the design of computational systems.
Also, Computer Science the science that deals with the theory and methods of processing information in digital computers, the design of computer hardware and software, and the applications of computers.
According to William (2012) define Computer science as the study of the design and operation of computer hardware and software, and of the application of computer technology to science, business, and the arts.
The world of today is being described as that science and technology. Therefore, literary Computer science is very essential for both male and female. It is on this note that it was stated by the Federal Government in “the National Policy on Education” (2004) that an aim of education should “indicate in the child the spirit of enquiry and creativity through the exploration of nature and the local environment”. It further states that secondary school education should equip students to live effectively in our modern age of science and technology.
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